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Magnetic resonance elastography reveals altered brain viscoelasticity in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

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Item Type:Article
Title:Magnetic resonance elastography reveals altered brain viscoelasticity in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
Creators Name:Riek, K. and Millward, J.M. and Hamann, I. and Mueller, S. and Pfueller, C.F. and Paul, F. and Braun, J. and Infante-Duarte, C. and Sack, I.
Abstract:Cerebral magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) measures the viscoelastic properties of brain tissues in vivo. It was recently shown that brain viscoelasticity is reduced in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), highlighting the potential of cerebral MRE to detect tissue pathology during neuroinflammation. To further investigate the relationship between inflammation and brain viscoelasticity, we applied MRE to a mouse model of MS, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). EAE was induced and monitored by MRE in a 7-tesla animal MRI scanner over 4 weeks. At the peak of the disease (day 14 after immunization), we detected a significant decrease in both the storage modulus (G') and the loss modulus (G″), indicating that both the elasticity and the viscosity of the brain are reduced during acute inflammation. Interestingly, these parameters normalized at a later time point (day 28) corresponding to the clinical recovery phase. Consistent with this, we observed a clear correlation between viscoelastic tissue alteration and the magnitude of perivascular T cell infiltration at both day 14 and day 28. Hence, acute neuroinflammation is associated with reduced mechanical cohesion of brain tissues. Moreover, the reduction of brain viscoelasticity appears to be a reversible process, which is restored when inflammation resolves. For the first time, our study has demonstrated the applicability of cerebral MRE in EAE, and showed that this novel imaging technology is highly sensitive to early tissue alterations resulting from the inflammatory processes. Thus, MRE may serve to monitor early stages of perivascular immune infiltration during neuroinflammation.
Keywords:Magnetic Resonance Elastography, Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis, Neuroinflammation, Animals, Mice
Source:NeuroImage: Clinical
Page Range:81-90
Date:12 November 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2012.09.003
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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