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Higher-resolution MR elastography reveals early mechanical signatures of neuroinflammation in patients with clinically isolated syndrome

Item Type:Article
Title:Higher-resolution MR elastography reveals early mechanical signatures of neuroinflammation in patients with clinically isolated syndrome
Creators Name:Fehlner, A. and Behrens, J.R. and Streitberger, K.J. and Papazoglou, S. and Braun, J. and Bellmann-Strobl, J. and Ruprecht, K. and Paul, F. and Würfel, J. and Sack, I.
Abstract:PURPOSE: To assess if higher-resolution magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a technique that can measure the in vivo mechanical properties of brain tissue and is sensitive to early signatures of brain tissue degradation in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with CIS and 33 controls were investigated by MRE with a 3T MRI scanner. Full-wave field data were acquired at seven drive frequencies from 30 to 60 Hz. The spatially resolved higher-resolution maps of magnitude |G*| and phase angle phi of the complex-valued shear modulus were obtained in addition to springpot model parameters. These parameters were spatially averaged in white matter (WM) and whole-brain regions and correlated with clinical and radiological parameters. RESULTS: Spatially resolved MRE revealed that CIS reduced WM viscoelasticity, independent of imaging markers of multiple sclerosis and clinical scores. |G*| was reduced by 14% in CIS (1.4 +/- 0.2 kPa vs. 1.7 +/- 0.2 kPa, P < 0.001, 95% confidence interval [CI] [-0.4, -0.1] kPa), while phi (0.66 +/- 0.04 vs. 0.67 +/- 0.04, P = 0.65, 95% CI [-0.04, 0.02]) remained unaltered. Springpot-based shear elasticity showed only a trend of CIS-related reduction (3.4 +/- 0.5 kPa vs. 3.7 +/- 0.5 kPa, P = 0.06, 95% CI [-0.6, 0.02] kPa) in the whole brain. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that CIS leads to significantly reduced elasticity of brain parenchyma, raising the prospect of using MRE as an imaging marker for subtle and diffuse tissue damage in neuroinflammatory diseases.
Keywords:Demyelinating Diseases, Early Diagnosis, Elastic Modulus, Elasticity Imaging Techniques, Epilepsy, Image Enhancement, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Shear Strength, Stress, Mechanical
Source:Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
ISSN:1053-1807
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell (U.S.A.)
Volume:44
Number:1
Page Range:51-58
Date:July 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.25129
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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