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Myocardial dysfunction in patients with aortic stenosis and hypertensive heart disease assessed by MR tissue phase mapping

Item Type:Article
Title:Myocardial dysfunction in patients with aortic stenosis and hypertensive heart disease assessed by MR tissue phase mapping
Creators Name:von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, F. and Hennig, P. and Menza, M. and Dieringer, M.A. and Foell, D. and Jung, B. and Schulz-Menger, J.
Abstract:PURPOSE: To identify abnormalities of myocardial velocities in patients with left ventricular pressure overload using magnetic resonance tissue phase mapping (TPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients (nine with hypertensive heart disease [HYP], 24 with aortic stenosis [AS]) and 41 healthy controls were enrolled. To assess left ventricular motion, a basal, midventricular, and apical slice were acquired using three-directional velocity-encoded phase-contrast MR with a 3T system. Target parameters were peak longitudinal (Vz ) and radial (Vr ) velocity in systole and diastole (Peaksys , Peakdias ). Analysis was done on each myocardial segment. In a subgroup (n = 7 HYP, n = 12 AS, n = 24 controls), measurement was repeated during handgrip exercise. RESULTS: AS had significantly lower Vz -Peaksys in the inferolateral and inferoseptal wall (P = 0.003-0.029) and Vr -Peaksys in the septum and anterior wall (P = 0.001-0.013) than controls. Vz -Peakdias and Vr -Peakdias were lower in AS than in controls in almost all segments (P < 0.001-0.028). HYP showed reduced Vz -Peakdias compared to controls in all basal segments as well as in the lateral midventricular wall (P < 0.001-0.045), and reduced Vr -Peakdias compared to controls predominantly in the midventricular and apical segments (P = 0.004-0.042). AS patients with focal fibrosis had significantly reduced myocardial velocities (P = 0.001-0.047) in segments without late enhancement. During exercise, Vz -Peaksys , Vr -Peaksys , and Vz -Peakdias remained unchanged in AS and HYP, but decreased in the lateral wall in controls (P < 0.001-0.043). CONCLUSION: Even with preserved left ventricle (LV) ejection fraction, peak longitudinal and radial velocities of the LV are reduced in AS and HYP, indicating early functional impairment.
Keywords:Magnetic Resonance, Aortic Stenosis, Hypertension, Myocardial Deformation, Exercise
Source:Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Page Range:168-177
Date:July 2016
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.25125
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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