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Blockade of CD40 ligand for intercellular communication reduces hypertension, placental oxidative stress, and AT1-AA in response to adoptive transfer of CD4(+) T lymphocytes from RUPP rats

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Item Type:Article
Title:Blockade of CD40 ligand for intercellular communication reduces hypertension, placental oxidative stress, and AT1-AA in response to adoptive transfer of CD4(+) T lymphocytes from RUPP rats
Creators Name:Cornelius, D.C. and Castillo, J. and Porter, J. and Amaral, L.M. and Campbell, N. and Paige, A. and Thomas, A.J. and Harmon, A. and Cunningham, M.W. and Wallace, K. and Herse, F. and Wallukat, G. and Dechend, R. and LaMarca, B.D.
Abstract:Preeclampsia (PE) is associated with altered immune activation during pregnancy. We have previously shown that adoptive transfer of CD4+ T cells from the reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) rat model of PE increases blood pressure, oxidative stress (ROS), and inflammation in normal pregnant recipient rats. The objective of this study was to determine if blockade of communication via the CD40-CD40 ligand (CD40L) interaction between placental ischemia-induced CD4+ T cells with endogenous normal pregnant (NP) cells would improve pathophysiology that was previously observed in NP recipient rats of RUPP CD4+ T cells. Splenic CD4+ T lymphocytes were magnetically separated, incubated with 2.5 {mu}g/ml anti-CD40 ligand ({alpha}CD40L) overnight, and transferred into NP rats on day 12 of gestation (NP+RUPP CD4+ T+anti-CD40L). On day 19 of gestation, blood pressure (MAP), blood, and tissues were collected. MAP was 99 +/- 2 in NP (n = 13), 116 +/- 4 in NP+RUPP CD4+ T cells (n = 7; P < 0.01); MAP only increased to 104 +/- 2 in NP+RUPP CD4+ T cells+CD40L (n = 24) (P < 0.05 vs. NP+RUPP CD4+ T cells). Mechanisms of hypertension in response to RUPP CD4+ T cells include endothelin-1 (ET-1), ROS, and angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1-AA) were analyzed. Inhibition of CD40L binding reduced placental ET-1 to 2.3-fold above NP rats and normalized placental ROS from 318.6 +/- 89 in NP+RUPP CD4+ T cells (P < 0.05) to 118.7 +/- 24 in NP+RUPP CD4+ T+anti-CD40L (P < 0.05). AT1-AA was also normalized with inhibition of CD40L. These data suggest that placental ischemia-induced T-cell communication via the CD40L is one important mechanism leading to much of the pathophysiology of PE.
Keywords:Hypertension, Preeclampsia, T-cells, Animals, Rats
Source:American Journal of Physiology Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
ISSN:0363-6119
Publisher:American Physiological Society (U.S.A.)
Volume:309
Number:10
Page Range:R1243-R1250
Date:15 November 2015
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00273.2015
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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