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Current immunotherapy of multiple sclerosis [Aktuelle Immuntherapie der Multiplen Sklerose]

Item Type:Article
Title:Current immunotherapy of multiple sclerosis [Aktuelle Immuntherapie der Multiplen Sklerose]
Creators Name:Paul, F. and Ruprecht, K.
Abstract:Following the introduction of interferon beta 1b as the first immunomodulatory therapy for multiple sclerosis (MS) in 1993, there are currently nine substances or substance classes approved for the treatment of MS (i.e. alemtuzumab, azathioprine, dimethyl fumarate, fingolimod, glatiramer acetate, interferon beta, mitoxantrone, natalizumab and teriflunomide). Major developments during the last 5 years include the approval of orally administered medications (i.e. fingolimod, teriflunomide and dimethyl fumarate), a monoclonal antibody (alemtuzumab), as well as glatiramer acetate with an administration frequency three times a week and a pegylated formulation of interferon beta 1a. The broadened therapeutic options enable a more differentiated and individualized therapy of MS; however, evidence-based data for therapeutic decision-making relevant in clinical practice are not always available. Rare but potentially severe and even life-threatening side effects of immunotherapies for MS require continuous pharmacovigilance and adherence to risk management plans.
Keywords:Multiple Sclerosis, Immunotherapy, Oral Medications, Side Effects, Pharmacovigilance
Page Range:1031-1044
Date:August 2015
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00115-015-4338-1
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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