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Structure and function of the global ocean microbiome

Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1261359
PubMed:View item in PubMed
Creators Name:Sunagawa, S. and Coelho, L.P. and Chaffron, S. and Kultima, J.R. and Labadie, K. and Salazar, G. and Djahanschiri, B. and Zeller, G. and Mende, D.R. and Alberti, A. and Cornejo-Castillo, F.M. and Costea, P.I. and Cruaud, C. and d'Ovidio, F. and Engelen, S. and Ferrera, I. and Gasol, J.M. and Guidi, L. and Hildebrand, F. and Kokoszka, F. and Lepoivre, C. and Lima-Mendez, G. and Poulain, J. and Poulos, B.T. and Royo-Llonch, M. and Sarmento, H. and Vieira-Silva, S. and Dimier, C. and Picheral, M. and Searson, S. and Kandels-Lewis, S. and Bowler, C. and de Vargas, C. and Gorsky, G. and Grimsley, N. and Hingamp, P. and Iudicone, D. and Jaillon, O. and Not, F. and Ogata, H. and Pesant, S. and Speich, S. and Stemmann, L. and Sullivan, M.B. and Weissenbach, J. and Wincker, P. and Karsenti, E. and Raes, J. and Acinas, S.G. and Bork, P.
Journal Title:Science
Journal Abbreviation:Science
Volume:348
Number:6237
Page Range:1261359
Date:22 May 2015
Keywords:Ecosystem, Gastrointestinal Tract, Genetic Databases, Genetic Variation, Metagenome, Microbiota, Oceans and Seas, Plankton, Seawater
Abstract:Microbes are dominant drivers of biogeochemical processes, yet drawing a global picture of functional diversity, microbial community structure, and their ecological determinants remains a grand challenge. We analyzed 7.2 terabases of metagenomic data from 243 Tara Oceans samples from 68 locations in epipelagic and mesopelagic waters across the globe to generate an ocean microbial reference gene catalog with >40 million nonredundant, mostly novel sequences from viruses, prokaryotes, and picoeukaryotes. Using 139 prokaryote-enriched samples, containing >35,000 species, we show vertical stratification with epipelagic community composition mostly driven by temperature rather than other environmental factors or geography. We identify ocean microbial core functionality and reveal that >73% of its abundance is shared with the human gut microbiome despite the physicochemical differences between these two ecosystems.
ISSN:0036-8075
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (U.S.A.)
Item Type:Article

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