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Patterns and ecological drivers of ocean viral communities

Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1261498
PubMed:View item in PubMed
Creators Name:Brum, J.R. and Ignacio-Espinoza, J.C. and Roux, S. and Doulcier, G. and Acinas, S.G. and Alberti, A. and Chaffron, S. and Cruaud, C. and de Vargas, C. and Gasol, J.M. and Gorsky, G. and Gregory, A.C. and Guidi, L. and Hingamp, P. and Iudicone, D. and Not, F. and Ogata, H. and Pesant, S. and Poulos, B.T. and Schwenck, S.M. and Speich, S. and Dimier, C. and Kandels-Lewis, S. and Picheral, M. and Searson, S. and Bork, P. and Bowler, C. and Sunagawa, S. and Wincker, P. and Karsenti, E. and Sullivan, M.B.
Journal Title:Science
Journal Abbreviation:Science
Volume:348
Number:6237
Page Range:1261498
Date:22 May 2015
Keywords:Biodiversity, Ecological and Environmental Processes, Ecosystem, Metagenome, Microbiota, Oceans and Seas, Plankton, Seawater, Viral DNA, Viral Proteins, Viruses
Abstract:Viruses influence ecosystems by modulating microbial population size, diversity, metabolic outputs, and gene flow. Here, we use quantitative double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) viral-fraction metagenomes (viromes) and whole viral community morphological data sets from 43 Tara Oceans expedition samples to assess viral community patterns and structure in the upper ocean. Protein cluster cataloging defined pelagic upper-ocean viral community pan and core gene sets and suggested that this sequence space is well-sampled. Analyses of viral protein clusters, populations, and morphology revealed biogeographic patterns whereby viral communities were passively transported on oceanic currents and locally structured by environmental conditions that affect host community structure. Together, these investigations establish a global ocean dsDNA viromic data set with analyses supporting the seed-bank hypothesis to explain how oceanic viral communities maintain high local diversity.
ISSN:0036-8075
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (U.S.A.)
Item Type:Article

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