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Eukaryotic plankton diversity in the sunlit ocean

Official URL:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1261605
PubMed:View item in PubMed
Creators Name:de Vargas, C. and Audic, S. and Henry, N. and Decelle, J. and Mahe, F. and Logares, R. and Lara, E. and Berney, C. and Le Bescot, N. and Probert, I. and Carmichael, M. and Poulain, J. and Romac, S. and Colin, S. and Aury, J.M. and Bittner, L. and Chaffron, S. and Dunthorn, M. and Engelen, S. and Flegontova, O. and Guidi, L. and Horak, A. and Jaillon, O. and Lima-Mendez, G. and Lukes, J. and Malviya, S. and Morard, R. and Mulot, M. and Scalco, E. and Siano, R. and Vincent, F. and Zingone, A. and Dimier, C. and Picheral, M. and Searson, S. and Kandels-Lewis, S. and Acinas, S.G. and Bork, P. and Bowler, C. and Gorsky, G. and Grimsley, N. and Hingamp, P. and Iudicone, D. and Not, F. and Ogata, H. and Pesant, S. and Raes, J. and Sieracki, M.E. and Speich, S. and Stemmann, L. and Sunagawa, S. and Weissenbach, J. and Wincker, P. and Karsenti, E.
Journal Title:Science
Journal Abbreviation:Science
Volume:348
Number:6237
Page Range:1261605
Date:22 May 2015
Keywords:Biodiversity, DNA Sequence Analysis, Eukaryota, Oceans and Seas, Phylogeny, Plankton, Ribosomal DNA, Ribosomes, Sunlight, Taxonomic DNA Barcoding, Animals
Abstract:Marine plankton support global biological and geochemical processes. Surveys of their biodiversity have hitherto been geographically restricted and have not accounted for the full range of plankton size. We assessed eukaryotic diversity from 334 size-fractionated photic-zone plankton communities collected across tropical and temperate oceans during the circumglobal Tara Oceans expedition. We analyzed 18S ribosomal DNA sequences across the intermediate plankton-size spectrum from the smallest unicellular eukaryotes (protists, >0.8 micrometers) to small animals of a few millimeters. Eukaryotic ribosomal diversity saturated at ~150,000 operational taxonomic units, about one-third of which could not be assigned to known eukaryotic groups. Diversity emerged at all taxonomic levels, both within the groups comprising the ~11,200 cataloged morphospecies of eukaryotic plankton and among twice as many other deep-branching lineages of unappreciated importance in plankton ecology studies. Most eukaryotic plankton biodiversity belonged to heterotrophic protistan groups, particularly those known to be parasites or symbiotic hosts.
ISSN:0036-8075
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (U.S.A.)
Item Type:Article

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