Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Human CD45RA(-) FoxP3(hi) memory-type regulatory T cells show distinct TCR repertoires with conventional T cells and play an important role in controlling early immune activation

Item Type:Article
Title:Human CD45RA(-) FoxP3(hi) memory-type regulatory T cells show distinct TCR repertoires with conventional T cells and play an important role in controlling early immune activation
Creators Name:Lei, H. and Kuchenbecker, L. and Streitz, M. and Sawitzki, B. and Vogt, K. and Landwehr-Kenzel, S. and Millward, J. and Juelke, K. and Babel, N. and Neumann, A. and Reinke, P. and Volk, H.D.
Abstract:Adoptive immunotherapy with regulatory T cells (Treg) is a new option to promote immune tolerance following solid organ transplantation (SOT). However, Treg from elderly patients awaiting transplantation are dominated by the CD45RA(-) CD62L(+) central memory type Treg subset (TregCM), and the yield of well-characterized and stable naïve Treg (TregN) is low. It is, therefore, important to determine whether these TregCM are derived from the thymus and express high stability, suppressive capacity and a broad antigen repertoire like TregN. In this study, we showed that TregCM use a different T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire from conventional T cells (Tconv), using next-generation sequencing of all 24 Vβ families, with an average depth of 534 677 sequences. This showed almost no contamination with induced Treg. Furthermore, TregCM showed enhanced suppressive activity on Tconv at early checkpoints of immune activation controlling activation markers expression and cytokine secretion, but comparable inhibition of proliferation. Following in vitro expansion under mTOR inhibition, TregCM expanded equally as well as TregN without losing their function. Despite relatively limited TCR repertoire, TregCM also showed specific alloresponse, although slightly reduced compared to TregN. These results support the therapeutic usefulness of manufacturing Treg products from CD45RA(-) CD62L(+) Treg-enriched starting material to be applied for adoptive Treg therapy.
Keywords:Immune Regulation, T Cell Biology, Tolerance
Source:American Journal of Transplantation
ISSN:1600-6135
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell (Denmark)
Volume:15
Number:10
Page Range:2625-2635
Date:October 2015
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/ajt.13315
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library