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Emergency coronary stenting for dissection during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty: Angiographic follow-up after stenting and after repeat angioplasty of the stented segment

Item Type:Article
Title:Emergency coronary stenting for dissection during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty: Angiographic follow-up after stenting and after repeat angioplasty of the stented segment
Creators Name:Schoemig, A. and Kastrati, A. and Dietz, R. and Rauch, B. and Neumann, F.J. and Katus, H.H. and Busch, U.
Abstract:OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the angiographic results after emergency coronary stenting and after repeat angioplasty for restenosis within the stent. BACKGROUND: There is still little angiographic information about lumen renarrowing and its correlates after emergency stenting, and data with regard to the angiographic outcome of repeat angioplasty within the stent are almost nonexistent. METHODS: This study was based on the quantitative evaluation of angiograms performed before and immediately after intervention and at 6-month follow-up. The study included 164 of the 183 eligible patients with emergency Palmaz-Schatz stent implantation and 31 of those with restenosis within the stent who had repeat angioplasty. RESULTS: Stenting produced an improvement in minimal lumen diameter from 0.82 +/- 0.41 to 2.76 +/- 0.47 mm (mean +/- SD) and in diameter stenosis from 74.9 +/- 11.5% to 18.3 +/- 8.1%. Elastic recoil was 0.51 +/- 0.34 mm, or 16%. At 6-month follow-up, 32.3% of the patients had restenosis (> or = 50% stenosis). Minimal lumen diameter decreased to 1.84 +/- 0.78 mm, and diameter stenosis increased to 41.7 +/- 21.0%. The degree of lumen loss correlated significantly with the length of the original stenosis and the initial lumen gain achieved by stenting. Thirty-one patients with in-stent restenosis underwent repeat angioplasty. The primary success rate was 100%, and no abrupt vessel closure was verified. Minimal lumen diameter increased from 0.85 +/- 0.35 to 2.18 +/- 0.39 mm, and diameter stenosis decreased from 69.7 +/- 12.9% to 28.6 +/- 9.4%. Elastic recoil was 0.82 +/- 0.38 mm, or 27%. At follow-up, 38.5% of the patients had restenosis. Minimal lumen diameter was reduced to 1.72 +/- 0.67 mm, and diameter stenosis increased to 42.4 +/- 18.1%. CONCLUSIONS: Angiographic results of emergency coronary stenting compare favorably with those of conventional angioplasty. In-stent balloon redilation in patients with restenosis is associated with excellent short-term results and a restenosis rate not different from that reported for nonstented vessels.
Keywords:Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary Angioplasty, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Disease, Coronary Vessels, Emergency Medical Services, Follow-Up Studies, Recurrence, Stents
Source:Journal of the American College of Cardiology
ISSN:0735-1097
Publisher:Elsevier (U.S.A.)
Volume:23
Number:5
Page Range:1053-1060
Date:1 April 1994
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(94)90589-4
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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