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Development of an online-SPE-LC-MS/MS method for 26 hydroxylated polyunsaturated fatty acids as rapid targeted metabolomics approach for the LOX, CYP, and autoxidation pathways of the arachidonic acid cascade

Item Type:Article
Title:Development of an online-SPE-LC-MS/MS method for 26 hydroxylated polyunsaturated fatty acids as rapid targeted metabolomics approach for the LOX, CYP, and autoxidation pathways of the arachidonic acid cascade
Creators Name:Ostermann, A.I. and Willenberg, I. and Weylandt, K.H. and Schebb, N.H.
Abstract:Hydroxylated fatty acids (OH-FAs) are formed in all branches of the arachidonic acid (AA) cascade from polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). OH-FAs act as potent lipid mediators and serve as activity marker for pathways of the AA cascade, particularly the lipoxygenase branch. Current targeted metabolomics methods of the AA cascade cover several OH-FAs among other oxylipins, yet they require long runtimes and laborious sample preparation. In the present study, we developed a new rapid LC–MS method with automated sample preparation for the simultaneous quantification of 26 OH-FAs within 6.5 min. Crude biological samples are directly injected following addition of four isotopically labeled internal standards and centrifugation. The analytes are extracted from the matrix by means of online solid phase extraction on an Oasis HLB column at 3.5 mL min−1 flow rate. LC separation was carried out on a RP-18 column with fused core 1.3 µm particles. The method showed a high sensitivity with a limit of detection of 0.5–10 fmol on column and a broad linear range. Intra- and inter-batch precision and accuracy for the analytes were characterized for cell culture medium as well as human plasma and were found to be generally within 100 +/- 15 %. The method was applied to the investigation of OH-FA formation in five cell lines following incubation with AA, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The colon cancer cell lines HCA-7 and SW-480, as well as the fibroblast line Balb/c 3T3 showed significant formation of OH-FAs in the cell culture medium, with dominant formation of 15-HETE, 18-HEPE, 20-HDHA, and 8-HDHA from the precursor PUFAs.
Keywords:LC-ESI/MS, Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Oxylipins, Hydroxy-PUFA, Resolvin Precursor
Source:Chromatographia
ISSN:0009-5893
Publisher:Springer (Germany)
Volume:78
Number:5-6
Page Range:415-428
Date:1 March 2015
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-014-2768-8

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