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Genetic etiology of renal agenesis: fine mapping of renag1 and identification of Kit as the candidate functional gene

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Item Type:Article
Title:Genetic etiology of renal agenesis: fine mapping of renag1 and identification of Kit as the candidate functional gene
Creators Name:Samanas, N.B. and Commers, T.W. and Dennison, K.L. and Harenda, Q.E. and Kurz, S.G. and Lachel, C.M. and Wavrin, K.L. and Bowler, M. and Nijman, I.J. and Guryev, V. and Cuppen, E. and Hubner, N. and Sullivan, R. and Vezina, C.M. and Shull, J.D.
Abstract:Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urogenital tract (CAKUT) occur in approximately 0.5% of live births and represent the most frequent cause of end-stage renal disease in neonates and children. The genetic basis of CAKUT is not well defined. To understand more fully the genetic basis of one type of CAKUT, unilateral renal agenesis (URA), we are studying inbred ACI rats, which spontaneously exhibit URA and associated urogenital anomalies at an incidence of approximately 10%. URA is inherited as an incompletely dominant trait with incomplete penetrance in crosses between ACI and Brown Norway (BN) rats and a single responsible genetic locus, designated Renag1, was previously mapped to rat chromosome 14 (RNO14). The goals of this study were to fine map Renag1, identify the causal genetic variant responsible for URA, confirm that the Renag1 variant is the sole determinant of URA in the ACI rat, and define the embryologic basis of URA in this rat model. Data presented herein localize Renag1 to a 379 kilobase (kb) interval that contains a single protein coding gene, Kit (v-kit Hardy-Zukerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog); identify an endogenous retrovirus-derived long terminal repeat located within Kit intron 1 as the probable causal variant; demonstrate aberrant development of the nephric duct in the anticipated number of ACI rat embryos; and demonstrate expression of Kit and Kit ligand (Kitlg) in the nephric duct. Congenic rats that harbor ACI alleles at Renag1 on the BN genetic background exhibit the same spectrum of urogenital anomalies as ACI rats, indicating that Renag1 is necessary and sufficient to elicit URA and associated urogenital anomalies. These data reveal the first genetic link between Kit and URA and illustrate the value of the ACI rat as a model for defining the mechanisms and cell types in which Kit functions during urogenital development.
Keywords:Animal Disease Models, Congenital Abnormalities, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Loci, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genetic Variation, Inbred ACI Rats, Kidney, Kidney Diseases, Mammalian Chromosomes, Physical Chromosome Mapping, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit, Stem Cell Factor, Animals, Rats
Source:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Page Range:e0118147
Date:18 February 2015
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118147
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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