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Assessment of curated phenotype mining in neuropsychiatric disorder literature

Item Type:Article
Title:Assessment of curated phenotype mining in neuropsychiatric disorder literature
Creators Name:Fontaine, J.F. and Priller, J. and Spruth, E. and Perez-Iratxeta, C. and Andrade-Navarro, M.A.
Abstract:Clinical evaluation of patients and diagnosis of disorder is crucial to make decisions on appropriate therapies. In addition, in the case of genetic disorders resulting from gene abnormalities, phenotypic effects may guide basic research on the mechanisms of a disorder to find the mutated gene and therefore to propose novel targets for drug therapy. However, this approach is complicated by two facts. First, the relationship between genes and disorders is not simple: one gene may be related to multiple disorders and a disorder may be caused by mutations in different genes. Second, recognizing relevant phenotypes might be difficult for clinicians working with patients of closely related complex disorders. Neuropsychiatric disorders best illustrate these difficulties since phenotypes range from metabolic to behavioural aspects, the latter extremely complex. Based on our clinical expertise on five neurodegenerative disorders, and from the wealth of bibliographical data on neuropsychiatric disorders, we have built a resource to infer associations between genes, chemicals, phenotypes for a total of 31 disorders. An initial step of automated text mining of the literature related to 31 disorders returned thousands of enriched terms. Fewer relevant phenotypic terms were manually selected by clinicians as relevant to the five neural disorders of their expertise and used to analyse the complete set of disorders. Analysis of the data indicates general relationships between neuropsychiatric disorders, which can be used to classify and characterize them. Correlation analyses allowed us to propose novel associations of genes and drugs with disorders. More generally, the results led us to uncovering mechanisms of disease that span multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, for example that genes related to synaptic transmission and receptor functions tend to be involved in many disorders, whereas genes related to sensory perception and channel transport functions are associated with fewer disorders. Our study shows that starting from expertise covering a limited set of neurological disorders and using text and data mining methods, meaningful and novel associations regarding genes, chemicals and phenotypes can be derived for an expanded set of neuropsychiatric disorders. Our results are intended for clinicians to help them evaluate patients, and for basic scientists to propose new gene targets for drug therapies. This strategy can be extended to virtually all diseases and takes advantage of the ever increasing amount of biomedical literature.
Keywords:Data Mining, Text Mining, Neuropsychiatric Disorders, Clinical Diagnostics, Data Curation, Drug Therapy
Source:Methods
ISSN:1046-2023
Publisher:Elsevier / Academic Press (U.S.A.)
Volume:74
Page Range:90-96
Date:March 2015
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymeth.2014.11.022
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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