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Adeno-associated virus type 2 wild-type and vector-mediated genomic integration profiles of human diploid fibroblasts analyzed by third-generation PacBio DNA sequencing

Item Type:Article
Title:Adeno-associated virus type 2 wild-type and vector-mediated genomic integration profiles of human diploid fibroblasts analyzed by third-generation PacBio DNA sequencing
Creators Name:Hueser, D. and Gogol-Doering, A. and Chen, W. and Heilbronn, R.
Abstract:Genome-wide analysis of adeno-associated virus (AAV) type 2 integration in HeLa cells has shown that wild-type AAV integrates at numerous genomic sites, including AAVS1 on chromosome 19q13.42. Multiple GAGY/C repeats, resembling consensus AAV Rep-binding sites are preferred, whereas rep-deficient AAV vectors (rAAV) regularly show a random integration profile. This study is the first study to analyze wild-type AAV integration in diploid human fibroblasts. Applying high-throughput 3(rd) generation PacBio-based DNA sequencing, integration profiles of wild-type AAV and rAAV are compared side by side. Bioinformatic analysis reveals that both, wild-type AAV and rAAV prefer open chromatin regions. Although genomic features of AAV integration largely reproduce previous findings, the pattern of integration hotspots differs from that described in HeLa cells before. DNase-Seq data for human fibroblasts and for HeLa cells reveal variant chromatin accessibility at preferred AAV integration hotspots that correlates with variant hotspot preferences. DNase-Seq patterns of these sites in human tissues including liver, muscle, heart, brain, skin and embryonic stem cells further underline variant chromatin accessibility. In summary, AAV integration is dependent on cell-type-specific, variant chromatin accessibility leading to random integration profiles for rAAV, whereas wild-type AAV integration sites cluster near GAGY/C repeats.
Keywords:Chromatin, Dependovirus, Diploidy, Fetus, Fibroblasts, Genetic Recombination, Genetic Vectors, HeLa Cells, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Lung, Molecular Sequence Data, Nucleotide Motifs, Organ Specificity, Virus Integration
Source:Journal of Virology
ISSN:0022-538X
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology (U.S.A.)
Volume:88
Number:19
Page Range:11253-11263
Date:1 October 2014
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01356-14
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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