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Stretch-activation of angiotensin II type 1a receptors contributes to the myogenic response of mouse mesenteric and renal arteries

Item Type:Article
Title:Stretch-activation of angiotensin II type 1a receptors contributes to the myogenic response of mouse mesenteric and renal arteries
Creators Name:Schleifenbaum, J. and Kassmann, M. and Szijártó, I.A. and Hercule, H.C. and Tano, J.Y. and Weinert, S. and Heidenreich, M. and Pathan, A.R. and Anistan, Y.M. and Alenina, N. and Rusch, N.J. and Bader, M. and Jentsch, T.J. and Gollasch, M.
Abstract:Rationale: Vascular wall stretch is the major stimulus for the myogenic response of small arteries to pressure. The molecular mechanisms are elusive, but recent findings suggest that G protein-coupled receptors can elicit a stretch response. Objective: Determine if angiotensin II type 1 receptors (AT1R) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) exert mechanosensitivity and identify the downstream ion channel mediators of myogenic vasoconstriction. Methods and Results: We used mice deficient in AT1R signaling molecules and putative ion channel targets, namely AT1R, angiotensinogen, TRPC6 channels or several subtypes of the voltage-gated K(+) (Kv7) gene family (KCNQ3, 4 or 5). We identified a mechano-sensing mechanism in isolated mesenteric arteries and in the renal circulation that relies on coupling of the AT1R subtype a (AT1aR) to a Gq/11-protein as a critical event to accomplish the myogenic response. Arterial mechano-activation occurs after pharmacological block of AT1R, and in the absence of angiotensinogen or TRPC6 channels. Activation of AT1aR by osmotically induced membrane stretch suppresses an XE991-sensitive Kv channel current in patch-clamped VSMCs and similar concentrations of XE991 enhance mesenteric and renal myogenic tone. Although XE991-sensitive KCNQ3, 4 and 5 channels are expressed in VSMCs, XE991-sensitive K(+) current and myogenic contractions persist in arteries deficient in these channels. Conclusions: Our results provide definitive evidence that myogenic responses of mouse mesenteric and renal arteries rely on ligand-independent, mechano-activation of AT1aR. The AT1aR signal relies on an ion channel distinct from TRPC6 or KCNQ3, 4 or 5 to enact VSMC activation and elevated vascular resistance.
Keywords:Mechanosensor, Gq Proteins, TRPC Channels, Myogenic Tone, Kv7 Channels, Angiotensin Receptor, Potassium Channels, Transgenic Mice, Angiotensin II, Animals, Mice
Source:Circulation Research
Publisher:American Heart Association
Page Range:263-272
Date:7 July 2014
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.115.302882
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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