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Hybrid embryonic stem cell-derived tetraploid mice show apparently normal morphological, physiological, and neurological characteristics

Item Type:Article
Title:Hybrid embryonic stem cell-derived tetraploid mice show apparently normal morphological, physiological, and neurological characteristics
Creators Name:Schwenk, F. and Zevnik, B. and Bruening, J. and Roehl, M. and Willuweit, A. and Rode, A. and Hennek, T. and Kauselmann, G. and Jaenisch, R. and Kuehn, R.
Abstract:ES cell-tetraploid (ES) mice are completely derived from embryonic stem cells and can be obtained at high efficiency upon injection of hybrid ES cells into tetraploid blastocysts. This method allows the immediate generation of targeted mouse mutants from genetically modified ES cell clones, in contrast to the standard protocol, which involves the production of chimeras and several breeding steps. To provide a baseline for the analysis of ES mouse mutants, we performed a phenotypic characterization of wild-type B6129S6F(1) ES mice in relation to controls of the same age, sex, and genotype raised from normal matings. The comparison of 90 morphological, physiological, and behavioral parameters revealed elevated body weight and hematocrit as the only major difference of ES mice, which exhibited an otherwise normal phenotype. We further demonstrate that ES mouse mutants can be produced from mutant hybrid ES cells and analyzed within a period of only 4 months. Thus, ES mouse technology is a valid research tool for rapidly elucidating gene function in vivo.
Keywords:Animal Behavior, Blastocyst, Blood Chemical Analysis, Body Weight, Cultured Cells, Energy Metabolism, Genetic Engineering, Hybrid Cells, Isoenzymes, Mammalian Embryo, Morphogenesis, Phenotype, Polyploidy, Stem Cells, Animals, Mice
Source:Molecular and Cellular Biology
ISSN:0270-7306
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology (U.S.A.)
Volume:23
Number:11
Page Range:3982-3989
Date:June 2003
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.23.11.3982-3989.2003
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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