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A 3-base pair deletion, c.9711_9713del, in DMD results in intellectual disability without muscular dystrophy

Item Type:Article
Title:A 3-base pair deletion, c.9711_9713del, in DMD results in intellectual disability without muscular dystrophy
Creators Name:de Brouwer, A.P.M. and Nabuurs, S.B. and Verhaart, I.E.C. and Oudakker, A.R. and Hordijk, R. and Yntema, H.G. and Hordijk-Hos, J.M. and Voesenek, K. and de Vries, B.B.A. and van Essen, T. and Chen, W. and Hu, H. and Chelly, J. and den Dunnen, J.T. and Kalscheuer, V.M. and Aartsma-Rus, A.M. and Hamel, B.C.J. and van Bokhoven, H. and Kleefstra, T.
Abstract:We have identified a deletion of 3 base pairs in the dystrophin gene (DMD), c.9711_9713del, in a family with nonspecific X-linked intellectual disability (ID) by sequencing of the exons of 86 known X-linked ID genes. This in-frame deletion results in the deletion of a single-amino-acid residue, Leu3238, in the brain-specific isoform Dp71 of dystrophin. Linkage analysis supported causality as the mutation was present in the 7.6 cM linkage interval on Xp22.11-Xp21.1 with a maximum positive LOD score of 2.41 (MRX85 locus). Molecular modeling predicts that the p.(Leu3238del) deletion results in the destabilization of the C-terminal domain of dystrophin and hence reduces the ability to interact with β-dystroglycan. Correspondingly, Dp71 protein levels in lymphoblastoid cells from the index patient are 6.7-fold lower than those in control cell lines (P=0.08). Subsequent determination of the creatine kinase levels in blood of the index patient showed a mild but significant elevation in serum creatine kinase, which is in line with impaired dystrophin function. In conclusion, we have identified the first DMD mutation in Dp71 that results in ID without muscular dystrophy.
Keywords:DMD, Dystrophin, X-Linked Intellectual Disability, MRX85, Locus, Dp71
Source:European Journal of Human Genetics
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Page Range:480-485
Date:April 2014
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2013.169
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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