Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Relationship between seroton in transporter gene polymorphisms and platelet serotonin transporter sites among African-American cocaine-dependent individuals and healthy volunteers

Item Type:Article
Title:Relationship between seroton in transporter gene polymorphisms and platelet serotonin transporter sites among African-American cocaine-dependent individuals and healthy volunteers
Creators Name:Patkar, A.A. and Berrettini, W.H. and Mannelli, P. and Gopalakrishnan, R. and Hoehe, M.R. and Bilal, L. and Weinstein, S. and Vergare, M.J.
Abstract:Alterations in the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) have been implicated in a variety of psychiatric disorders including cocaine dependence. A polymorphism in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) appears to influence the expression of 5-HTT in human cell lines. We investigated whether 5-HTTLPR variants were related to differences in measures of platelet 5-HTT sites in cocaine-dependent patients and healthy volunteers (controls). Polymerase chain reaction-based genotyping of a 44 base pair insertion/deletion polymorphism in 5-HTTLPR was performed in 138 cocaine-dependent African-American subjects and 60 African-American controls. This yielded a short (S) and a long (L) allele. Platelet 5-HTT sites were measured using the tritiated paroxetine binding assay. Relationships of 5-HTTLPR genotypes with Bmax (density of serotonin transporter) and Kd (affinity constant) were examined. Bmax values were significantly lower in cocaine-dependent patients (640±233) than controls (906±225) (P<0.001); however, 5-HTTLPR genotype distributions or allele frequencies did not differ between the two groups. There were no significant differences in Bmax between the three genotypes among cocaine-dependent patients (LL=690+/-246, LS=620+/-235, SS=587+/-183; P=0.14) or controls (LL=909+/-233, LS=938+/-279, SS=866+/-143; P=0.65). All three genotypes in cocaine-dependent patients showed comparable reductions in Bmax from the corresponding genotypes in controls. Demographic variables, severity of substance use or depression were unrelated to Bmax or 5-HTTLPR genotypes. Although platelet 5-HTT densities are reduced in patients with cocaine dependence compared with healthy volunteers, these genotypic variations in the serotonin transporter do not seem to influence levels of platelet 5-HTT in cocaine-dependent patients or healthy volunteers.
Keywords:Serotonin, Serotonin Transporter, serotonin transporter Gene, Cocaine
Source:Psychiatric Genetics
ISSN:0955-8829
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Volume:14
Number:1
Page Range:25-32
Date:March 2004
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1097/00041444-200403000-00004

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library