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Oral administration of angiotensin-(1-7) ameliorates type 2 diabetes in rats

Item Type:Article
Title:Oral administration of angiotensin-(1-7) ameliorates type 2 diabetes in rats
Creators Name:Santos, S.H.S. and Giani, J.F. and Burghi, V. and Miquet, J.G. and Qadri, F. and Braga, J.F. and Todiras, M. and Kotnik, K. and Alenina, N. and Dominici, F.P. and Santos, R.A.S. and Bader, M.
Abstract:Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) is a disease with increasing importance in modern societies and insufficient treatment options. Pharmacological stimulation of insulin signaling, which is blunted in DM2, is a promising approach to treat this disease. It has been shown that activation of the angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7)/Mas axis of the renin-angiotensin system leads to an improved glucose uptake. In this study, we intended to evaluate, whether this effect could be exploited therapeutically. We first confirmed that Ang-(1-7) improves insulin signaling and glucose uptake in vitro in cultured cardiomyocytes. We then evaluated the therapeutic effect of a newly developed hydro-xypropyl-{beta}-cyclodextrin-based Ang-(1-7) nano-formulation in a novel transgenic rat model of inducible insulin resistance and DM2. The chronic administration of this compound prevented the marked elevation in blood glucose levels in these rats at a dose of 30 {mu}g/kg, reversed the established hyperglycemic state at a dose of 100 {mu}g/kg, and resulted in improved insulin sensitivity, reduced plasma insulin and decreased diabetic nephropathy. In conclusion, an oral Ang-(1-7) formulation reverses hyperglycemia and its consequences in an animal model of DM2 and represents a novel therapeutic option for the treatment of DM2 and other cardio-metabolic diseases.
Keywords:Diabetes, RNA Interference, Angiotensin-(1-7), Antidiabetic, Animals, Rats
Source:Journal of Molecular Medicine
Page Range:255-265
Date:March 2014
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00109-013-1087-0
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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