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Beneficial effects of the activation of the Angiotensin-(1-7) MAS receptor in a murine model of adriamycin-induced nephropathy

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Item Type:Article
Title:Beneficial effects of the activation of the Angiotensin-(1-7) MAS receptor in a murine model of adriamycin-induced nephropathy
Creators Name:Silveira, K.D. and Barroso, L.C. and Vieira, A.T. and Cisalpino, D. and Lima, C.X. and Bader, M. and Esteves Arantes, R.M. and Souza dos Santos, R.A. and Simoes-e-Silva, A.C. and Teixeira, M.M.
Abstract:Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is a biologically active heptapeptide that may counterbalance the physiological actions of angiotensin II (Ang II) within the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Here, we evaluated whether activation of the Mas receptor with the oral agonist, AVE 0991, would have renoprotective effects in a model of adriamycin (ADR)-induced nephropathy. We also evaluated whether the Mas receptor contributed for the protective effects of treatment with AT1 receptor blockers. ADR (10 mg/kg) induced significant renal injury and dysfunction that was maximal at day 14 after injection. Treatment with the Mas receptor agonist AVE 0991 improved renal function parameters, reduced urinary protein loss and attenuated histological changes. Renoprotection was associated with reduction in urinary levels of TGF-{beta}. Similar renoprotection was observed after treatment with the AT1 receptor antagonist, Losartan. AT1 and Mas receptor mRNA levels dropped after ADR administration and treatment with losartan reestablished the expression of Mas receptor and increased the expression of ACE2. ADR-induced nephropathy was similar in wild type (Mas(+/+)) and Mas knockout (Mas (-/-)) mice, suggesting there was no endogenous role for Mas receptor activation. However, treatment with Losartan was able to reduce renal injury only in Mas(+/+) , but not in Mas (-/-) mice. Therefore, these findings suggest that exogenous activation of the Mas receptor protects from ADR-induced nephropathy and contributes to the beneficial effects of AT1 receptor blockade. Medications which target specifically the ACE2/Ang-(1-7)/Mas axis may offer new therapeutic opportunities to treat human nephropathies.
Keywords:Angiotensin I, Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers, Animal Disease Models, Doxorubicin, G-Protein-Coupled Receptors, Gene Expression Regulation, Imidazoles, Kidney Diseases, Kidney Glomerulus, Kidney Tubules, Losartan, Messenger RNA, Peptide Fragments, Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A, Proto-Oncogene Proteins, Time Factors, Type 1 Angiotensin Receptor, Animals, Mice
Source:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Page Range:e66082
Date:7 June 2013
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066082
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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