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Mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory actions of the angiotensin type 1 receptor antagonist losartan in experimental models of arthritis

Item Type:Article
Title:Mechanisms of the anti-inflammatory actions of the angiotensin type 1 receptor antagonist losartan in experimental models of arthritis
Creators Name:Silveira, K.D. and Coelho, F.M. and Vieira, A.T. and Barroso, L.C. and Queiroz-Junior, C.M. and Costa, V.V. and Sousa, L.F.C. and Oliveira, M.L. and Bader, M. and Silva, T.A. and Santos, R.A.S. and Simoes e Silva, A.C. and Teixeira, M.M.
Abstract:Angiotensin (Ang) II and its AT1 receptors have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Activation of the counter-regulatory Ang-(1-7)-Mas receptor axis may contribute to some of the effects of AT1 receptor blockers (ARBs). In this study, we have used losartan, an ARB, to investigate the role of and the mechanisms by which AT1 receptors participated in two experimental models of arthritis: antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in mice and adjuvant-induced arthritis (AdIA) in rats. Treatment with losartan decreased neutrophil recruitment, hypernociception and the production of TNF-α, IL-1β and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 1 in mice subjected to AIA. Histopathological analysis showed significant reduction of tissue injury and inflammation and decreased proteoglycan loss. In addition to decreasing cytokine production, losartan directly reduced leukocyte rolling and adhesion. Anti-inflammatory effects of losartan were not associated to Mas receptor activation and/or Ang-(1-7) production. Anti-inflammatory effects were reproduced in rats subjected to AdIA. This study shows that ARBs have potent anti-inflammatory effects in animal models of arthritis. Mechanistically, reduction of leukocyte accumulation and of joint damage was associated with local inhibition of cytokine production and direct inhibition of leukocyte-endothelium interactions. The anti-inflammatory actions of losartan were accompanied by functional improvement of the joint, as seen by reduced joint hypernociception. These findings support the use of ARBs for the treatment of human arthritis and provide potential mechanisms for the anti-inflammatory actions of these compounds.
Keywords:Arthritis, Inflammation, Leukocytes, Losartan, Hypernociception, Cytokines, Animals, Mice, Rats
Page Range:53-63
Date:August 2013
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2013.05.012
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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