Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Concurrent inhibition of PI3K and mTORC1/mTORC2 overcomes resistance to rapamycin induced apoptosis by down-regulation of Mcl-1 in mantle cell lymphoma

Item Type:Article
Title:Concurrent inhibition of PI3K and mTORC1/mTORC2 overcomes resistance to rapamycin induced apoptosis by down-regulation of Mcl-1 in mantle cell lymphoma
Creators Name:Mueller, A. and Zang, C. and Chumduri, C. and Doerken, B. and Daniel, P.T. and Scholz, C.W.
Abstract:Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive form of Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoma (NHL) with an ongoing need for novel treatments. Apart from the translocation t(11;14), which facilitates constitutive transcription of cyclin D1, additional aberrations are frequently observed in MCL, including a recurrent dysregulation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. mTOR, a key component of this pathway, is pivotal for the assembly of mTOR complex (mTORC) 1 and 2. Temsirolimus an analog of the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin is approved for the treatment of relapsed MCL. Response rates, however, are low and response durations are short. We demonstrate that inhibition of mTORC1 by rapamycin or blocking of mTORC1 and mTORC2 in conjunction with PI3K by NVP-BEZ235 reduces proliferation of MCL cell lines to a similar extent. However, only NVP-BEZ235 is able to sufficiently inhibit the downstream pathway of mTOR and to mediate cell death through activation of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway. Further analysis demonstrated that the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Mcl-1 plays a central role in regulation of MCL survival. While Mcl-1 protein levels remained unchanged after co-culture with rapamycin, they were down-regulated in NVP-BEZ235 treated cells. Furthermore, inhibition of Mcl-1 by the BH3-only mimetic obatoclax or down-regulation of constitutive Mcl-1, but not of Bcl-2 or Bcl-xL , by siRNA facilitated cell death of MCL cells and enhanced rapamycin's as well as NVP-BEZ235's capacity to induce cell death. Our findings may help to lay the foundation for further improvements in the treatment of MCL.
Keywords:Mcl-1, PI3K, AKT, mTOR, Signaling, Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Source:International Journal of Cancer
ISSN:0020-7136
Publisher:Wiley (U.S.A.)
Volume:133
Number:8
Page Range:1813-1824
Date:15 October 2013
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.28206
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library