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5,14-HEDGE, a 20-HETE mimetic, reverses hypotension and improves survival in a rodent model of septic shock: contribution of soluble epoxide hydrolase, CYP2C23, MEK1/ERK1/2/IKKβ/IκB-α/NF-κB pathway, and proinflammatory cytokine formation

Item Type:Article
Title:5,14-HEDGE, a 20-HETE mimetic, reverses hypotension and improves survival in a rodent model of septic shock: contribution of soluble epoxide hydrolase, CYP2C23, MEK1/ERK1/2/IKKβ/IκB-α/NF-κB pathway, and proinflammatory cytokine formation
Creators Name:Tunctan, B. and Korkmaz, B. and Sari, A.N. and Kacan, M. and Unsal, D. and Serin, M.S. and Buharalioglu, C.K. and Sahan-Firat, S. and Cuez, T. and Schunck, W.H. and Falck, J.R. and Malik, K.U.
Abstract:We have previously demonstrated that a stable synthetic analog of 20-HETE, N-[20-hydroxyeicosa-5(Z),14(Z)-dienoyl]glycine (5,14-HEDGE), restores vascular reactivity, blood pressure, and heart rate in endotoxemic rats. The aim of this study was to determine whether decreased renal expression and activity of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), MEK1, ERK1/2, IKKbeta, IkappaB-alpha, and NF-kappaB as well as systemic and renal proinflammatory cytokine production associated with increased expression and activity of CYP2C23 contributes to the effect of 5,14-HEDGE to prevent hypotension, tachycardia, inflammation, and mortality in response to systemic administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Blood pressure fell by 33 mmHg and heart rate rose by 57 beats/min in LPS (10 mg/kg, i.p.)-treated rats. Administration of LPS also increased mRNA and protein expression of sEH associated with a decrease in CYP2C23 mRNA and protein expression. Increased activity of sEH and p-MEK1, p-ERK1/2, p-IkappaB-alpha, NF-kappaB, and p-NF-kappaB protein levels as well as TNF-alpha and IL-8 production by LPS were also associated with a decreased activity of AA epoxygenases. These effects of LPS were prevented by 5,14-HEDGE (30 mg/kg, s.c.; 1 h after LPS). Treatment of endotoxemic mice with 5,14-HEDGE also raised the survival rate of animals from 84% to 98%. A competitive antagonist of vasoconstrictor effects of 20-HETE, 20-hydroxyeicosa-6(Z),15(Z)-dienoic acid, 20-HEDE (30 mg/kg, s.c.; 1 h after LPS) prevented the effects of 5,14-HEDGE on blood pressure, heart rate, expression and/or activity of sEH, CYP2C23, and ERK1/2 as well as TNF-alpha and IL-8 levels in rats treated with LPS. These results suggest that decreased expression and/or activity of sEH and MEK1/ERK1/2/IKKbeta/IkappaB-alpha/NF-kappaB pathway as well as proinflammatory cytokine production associated with increased CYP2C23 expression and antiinflammatory mediator formation participate in the protective effect of 5,14-HEDGE against hypotension, tachycardia, inflammation, and mortality in the rodent model of septic shock.
Keywords:Endotoxin, Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase, CYP2C23, NF-{kappa}B, Hypotension, Inflammation, Mortality, Animals, Mice, Rats
Source:Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
ISSN:1098-8823
Publisher:Elsevier (U.S.A.)
Volume:102-103
Page Range:31-41
Date:April 2013
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prostaglandins.2013.01.005
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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