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Circular RNAs are a large class of animal RNAs with regulatory potency

Item Type:Article
Title:Circular RNAs are a large class of animal RNAs with regulatory potency
Creators Name:Memczak, S. and Jens, M. and Elefsinioti, A. and Torti, F. and Krueger, J. and Rybak, A. and Maier, L. and Mackowiak, S.D. and Gregersen, L.H. and Munschauer, M. and Loewer, A. and Ziebold, U. and Landthaler, M. and Kocks, C. and le Noble, F. and Rajewsky, N.
Abstract:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) in animals are an enigmatic class of RNA with unknown function. To explore circRNAs systematically, we sequenced and computationally analysed human, mouse and nematode RNA. We detected thousands of well-expressed, stable circRNAs, often showing tissue/developmental-stage-specific expression. Sequence analysis indicated important regulatory functions for circRNAs. We found that a human circRNA, antisense to the cerebellar degeneration-related protein 1 transcript (CDR1as), is densely bound by microRNA (miRNA) effector complexes and harbours 63 conserved binding sites for the ancient miRNA miR-7. Further analyses indicated that CDR1as functions to bind miR-7 in neuronal tissues. Human CDR1as expression in zebrafish impaired midbrain development, similar to knocking down miR-7, suggesting that CDR1as is a miRNA antagonist with a miRNA-binding capacity ten times higher than any other known transcript. Together, our data provide evidence that circRNAs form a large class of post-transcriptional regulators. Numerous circRNAs form by head-to-tail splicing of exons, suggesting previously unrecognized regulatory potential of coding sequences.
Keywords:RNA, Non-Coding RNAs, Animals, Mice, Zebrafish
Source:Nature
ISSN:0028-0836
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.K.)
Volume:495
Number:7441
Page Range:333-338
Date:21 March 2013
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11928
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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