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Brain viscoelasticity alteration in chronic-progressive multiple sclerosis

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Item Type:Article
Title:Brain viscoelasticity alteration in chronic-progressive multiple sclerosis
Creators Name:Streitberger, K.J. and Sack, I. and Krefting, D. and Pfueller, C. and Braun, J. and Paul, F. and Wuerfel, J.
Abstract:INTRODUCTION: Viscoelastic properties indicate structural alterations in biological tissues at multiple scales with high sensitivity. Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE) is a novel technique that directly visualizes and quantitatively measures biomechanical tissue properties in vivo. MRE recently revealed that early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with a global decrease of the cerebral mechanical integrity. This study addresses MRE and MR volumetry in chronic-progressive disease courses of MS. METHODS: We determined viscoelastic parameters of the brain parenchyma in 23 MS patients with primary or secondary chronic progressive disease course in comparison to 38 age- and gender-matched healthy individuals by multifrequency MRE, and correlated the results with clinical data, T2 lesion load and brain volume. Two viscoelastic parameters, the shear elasticity mu and the powerlaw exponent alpha, were deduced according to the springpot model and compared to literature values of relapsing-remitting MS. RESULTS: In chronic-progressive MS patients, mu and alpha were reduced by 20.5% and 6.1%, respectively, compared to healthy controls. MR volumetry yielded a weaker correlation: Total brain volume loss in MS patients was in the range of 7.5% and 1.7% considering the brain parenchymal fraction. All findings were significant (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic-progressive MS disease courses show a pronounced reduction of the cerebral shear elasticity compared to early relapsing-remitting disease. The powerlaw exponent alpha decreased only in the chronic-progressive stage of MS, suggesting an alteration in the geometry of the cerebral mechanical network due to chronic neuroinflammation.
Keywords:Brain, Elasticity, Elasticity Imaging Techniques, Chronic Progressive Multiple Sclerosis, Viscosity
Source:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Page Range:e29888
Date:20 January 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029888
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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