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Efficacy of vision restoration therapy after optic neuritis (VISION study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

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Item Type:Article
Title:Efficacy of vision restoration therapy after optic neuritis (VISION study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Creators Name:Schinzel, J. and Schwarzlose, L. and Dietze, H. and Bartusch, K. and Weiss, S. and Ohlraun, S. and Paul, F. and Doerr, J.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Optic neuritis is a frequent manifestation of multiple sclerosis. Visual deficits range from a minor impairment of visual functions through to complete loss of vision. Although many patients recover almost completely, roughly 35% of patients remain visually impaired for years, and therapeutic options for those patients hardly exist. Vision restoration therapy is a software-based visual training program that has been shown to improve visual deficits after pre- and postchiasmatic injury. The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate whether residual visual deficits after past or recent optic neuritis can be reduced by means of vision restoration therapy. METHODS/DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, patient- and observer-blinded clinical pilot study (VISION study) was designed to evaluate the efficacy of vision restoration therapy in optic neuritis patients. Eighty patients with a residual visual deficit after optic neuritis (visual acuity </=0.7 and/or scotoma) will be stratified according to the time of optic neuritis onset (manifestation more than 12 months ago (40 patients, fixed deficit) versus manifestation 2 to 6 months ago (40 patients, recent optic neuritis)), and randomized into vision restoration therapy arm or saccadic training arm (control intervention). Patients will be instructed to complete a computer-based visual training for approximately 30 minutes each day for a period of 6 months. Patients and evaluators remain blinded to the treatment allocation throughout the study. All endpoints will be analyzed and P-values < 0.05 will be considered statistically significant. The primary outcome parameter will be the expansion of the visual field after 3 and 6 months of treatment as determined by static visual field perimetry and high resolution perimetry. Secondary outcome variables will include visual acuity at both low and high contrast, glare contrast sensitivity, visually evoked potentials, optical coherence tomography and other functional tests of the visual system, alertness, health-related quality of life, fatigue, and depression. DISCUSSION: If vision restoration therapy is shown to improve visual function after optic neuritis, this method might be a first therapeutic option for patients with incomplete recovery from optic neuritis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01274702.
Keywords:Computer-Assisted Therapy, Contrast Sensitivity, Double-Blind Method, Germany, Ocular Vision, Optic Neuritis, Optical Coherence Tomography, Patient Selection, Photic Stimulation, Pilot Projects, Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Recovery of Function, Research Design, Scotoma, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Vision Disorders, Vision Tests, Visual Acuity, Visual Evoked Potentials, Visual Fields
Source:Trials
ISSN:1745-6215
Publisher:BioMed Central (U.K.)
Volume:13
Page Range:94
Date:28 June 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-13-94
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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