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The failing human heart is unable to use the frank- starling mechanism

Item Type:Article
Title:The failing human heart is unable to use the frank- starling mechanism
Creators Name:Schwinger, R.H.G. and Boehm, M. and Koch, A. and Schmidt, U. and Morano, I. and Eissner, H.J. and Ueberfuhr, P. and Reichart, B. and Erdmann, E.
Abstract:There is evidence that the failing human left ventricle in vivo subjected to additional preload is unable to use the Frank-Starling mechanism. The present study compared the force-tension relation in human nonfailing and terminally failing (heart transplants required because of dilated cardiomyopathy) myocardium. Isometric force of contraction of electrically driven left ventricular papillary muscle strips was studied under various preload conditions (2 to 20 mN). To investigate the influence of inotropic stimulation, the force-tension relation was studied in the presence of the cardiac glycoside ouabain. In skinned-fiber preparations of the left ventricle, developed tension was measured after stretching the preparations to 150% of the resting length. To evaluate the length-dependent activation of cardiac myofibrils by Ca2+ in failing and nonfailing myocardium, the tension-Ca2+ relations were also measured. After an increase of preload, the force of contraction gradually increased in nonfailing myocardium but was unchanged in failing myocardium. There were no differences in resting tension, muscle length, or cross-sectional area of the muscles between both groups. Pretreatment with ouabain (0.02 mumol/L) restored the force-tension relation in failing myocardium and preserved the force-tension relation in nonfailing tissue. In skinned-fiber preparations of the same hearts, developed tension increased significantly after stretching only in preparations from nonfailing but not from failing myocardium. The Ca2+ sensitivity of skinned fibers was significantly higher in failing myocardium (EC50, 1.0; 95% confidence limit, 0.88 to 1.21 mumol/L) compared with nonfailing myocardium (EC50, 1.7; 95% confidence limit, 1.55 to 1.86 mumol/L). After increasing the fiber length by stretching, a significant increase in the sensitivity of the myofibrils to Ca2+ was observed in nonfailing but not in failing myocardium. These experiments provide evidence for an impaired force-tension relation in failing human myocardium. On the subcellular level, this phenomenon might be explained by a failure of the myofibrils to increase the Ca2+ sensitivity after an increase of the sarcomere length.
Keywords:Calcium, Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Electric Stimulation, Myocardial Contraction, Myocardium, Ouabain, Papillary Muscles, Left Ventricular Function
Source:Circulation Research
ISSN:0009-7330
Publisher:American Heart Association (U.S.A.)
Volume:74
Number:5
Page Range:959-969
Date:1 May 1994
Official Publication:http://circres.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/74/5/959
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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