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Progress and promises of human cardiac magnetic resonance at ultrahigh fields: A physics perspective

Item Type:Article
Title:Progress and promises of human cardiac magnetic resonance at ultrahigh fields: A physics perspective
Creators Name:Niendorf, T. and Graessl, A. and Thalhammer, C. and Dieringer, M.A. and Kraus, O. and Santoro, D. and Fuchs, K. and Hezel, F. and Waiczies, S. and Ittermann, B. and Winter, L.
Abstract:A growing number of reports eloquently speak about explorations into cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) at ultrahigh magnetic fields (B0>/=7.0 T). Realizing the progress, promises and challenges of ultrahigh field (UHF) CMR this perspective outlines current trends in enabling MR technology tailored for cardiac MR in the short wavelength regime. For this purpose many channel radiofrequency (RF) technology concepts are outlined. Basic principles of mapping and shimming of transmission fields including RF power deposition considerations are presented. Explorations motivated by the safe operation of UHF-CMR even in the presence of conductive implants are described together with the physics, numerical simulations and experiments, all of which detailing antenna effects and RF heating induced by intracoronary stents at 7.0T. Early applications of CMR at 7.0T and their clinical implications for explorations into cardiovascular diseases are explored including assessment of cardiac function, myocardial tissue characterization, MR angiography of large and small vessels as well as heteronuclear MR of the heart and the skin. A concluding section ventures a glance beyond the horizon and explores future directions. The goal here is not to be comprehensive but to inspire the biomedical and diagnostic imaging communities to throw further weight behind the solution of the many remaining unsolved problems and technical obstacles of UHF-CMR with the goal to transfer MR physics driven methodological advancements into extra clinical value.
Keywords:Ultrahigh Field, Magnetic Resonance, MRI, Multiple Transmit, MR Technology, Heteronuclear MR, RF Coils, RF Technology, 7.0 T, Cardiovascular Imaging, Cardiac MRI, Animals
Source:Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Publisher:Elsevier / Academic Press
Page Range:208-222
Date:April 2013
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmr.2012.11.015
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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