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Intratumoral dispersion, retention, systemic biodistribution, and clearance of a small-size tumor necrosis factor-α-expressing MIDGE vector after nonviral in vivo jet-injection gene transfer

Item Type:Article
Title:Intratumoral dispersion, retention, systemic biodistribution, and clearance of a small-size tumor necrosis factor-α-expressing MIDGE vector after nonviral in vivo jet-injection gene transfer
Creators Name:Galling, N. and Kobelt, D. and Aumann, J. and Schmidt, M. and Wittig, B. and Schlag, P.M. and Walther, W.
Abstract:For nonviral applications of therapeutic DNA, highly efficient and safe vector systems are of crucial importance. In the majority of nonviral approaches plasmid vectors are in use. A novel minimalistic gene expression vector (MIDGE) has been developed to overcome the limitations of plasmid vectors. This small-size double-stranded linear DNA vector has shown improved transgene expression. However, only limited knowledge on uptake, biodistribution, and clearance of this vector exists. In this study we investigated the intratumoral and systemic biodistribution, clearance, and expression kinetics of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-{alpha}-carrying MIDGE-CMVhTNF vector in NMRI-nu/nu mice with subcutaneously xenotransplanted human A375 melanoma. Biodistribution was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR in tumors, blood, and organs 0 to 60 min and 3 to 48 hr after intratumoral jet-injection of 50 {mu}g of MIDGE-CMVhTNF. We examined TNF mRNA expression in tumor tissue and organs, using real-time RT-PCR and TNF-specific ELISA. High levels of MIDGE DNA in the tumor tissue demonstrated efficient gene transfer of the small-size vector, resulting in inhomogeneous DNA dispersion and efficient transgene expression. Intratumoral jet-injection of the vector DNA was accompanied by leakage into the blood circuit and appearance in peripheral organs within 5 min to 6 hr. However, this did not lead to TNF-α expression and was followed by rapid vector clearance resulting in the disappearance of MIDGE DNA 24 hr after gene transfer. These data provide important new information for the kinetics of intratumoral and systemic biodistribution and rapid clearance of the jet-injected small-size MIDGE vector.
Keywords:Gene Transfer Techniques, Genetic Vectors, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Animals
Source:Human Gene Therapy Part B Methods
ISSN:1946-6536
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert (U.S.A.)
Volume:23
Number:4
Page Range:264-270
Date:August 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1089/hgtb.2012.064
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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