Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders in patients with myasthenia gravis: ten new aquaporin-4 antibody positive cases and a review of the literature

Item Type:Review
Title:Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders in patients with myasthenia gravis: ten new aquaporin-4 antibody positive cases and a review of the literature
Creators Name:Jarius, S. and Paul, F. and Franciotta, D. and de Seze, J. and Muench, C. and Salvetti, M. and Ruprecht, K. and Liebetrau, M. and Wandinger, K. and Akman-Demir, G. and Melms, A. and Kristoferitsch, W. and Wildemann, B.
Abstract:Background: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO, Devic syndrome) and myasthenia gravis (MG) are rare antibody-mediated autoimmune disorders. Concurrent incidence has been reported in only few patients, mostly non-Caucasians. Objective: To report on ten Caucasian patients with NMO spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and MG and to provide a comprehensive review of the literature. Method: Retrospective study. Results: In total, 26 patients (m:f = 1:12; Caucasian in 12) with MG (generalized in 17) and NMOSD (NMO in 21, longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis in five) were identified from the authors’ own files (n = 10) and the previous literature (n = 16). MG preceded NMOSD in 24/25 cases (96%). AQP4-Ab were tested in 20 patients and were positive in 17 (85%). Twenty out of 25 patients (80%) had been treated with thymectomy or thymic irradiation, which preceded NMOSD in all cases (median latency, 12 years; range, 0.3–32). At last follow-up, complete remission of MG was reported in 15/22 (68%), and MG was well controlled with pyridostigmine in three. Co-existing autoimmune disorders or autoimmune antibodies were reported in 17 patients. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that i) AQP4-Ab-positive NMOSD are more commonly associated with MG in Caucasians than previously thought; ii) MG precedes NMOSD in most cases, often by more than a decade; iii) NMOSD almost exclusively occur in females with juvenile or early-onset MG; and iv) MG frequently takes an unusually mild course in patients with NMOSD. A history of thymectomy could be a possible risk factor for the later development of NMOSD. We recommend testing for AQP4-Ab in MG patients presenting with atypical motor or optic symptoms.
Keywords:Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody (AchR-Ab), Aquaporin-4 Antibody (AQP4-Ab), Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis, Myasthenia Gravis, Neuromyelitis Optica (Devic Disease), NMO-IgG, Optic Neuritis, Thymectomy
Source:Multiple Sclerosis Journal
ISSN:1352-4585
Publisher:Sage Publications (U.K.)
Volume:18
Number:8
Page Range:1135-1143
Date:August 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1177/1352458511431728
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library