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Altered glucose homeostasis and hepatic function in obese mice deficient for both kinin receptor genes

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Item Type:Article
Title:Altered glucose homeostasis and hepatic function in obese mice deficient for both kinin receptor genes
Creators Name:Barros, C.C. and Haro, A. and Russo, F.J.V.P. and Schadock, I. and Almeida, S.S. and Ribeiro, R.A. and Vanzela, E.C. and Lanzoni, V.P. and Barros, F.C. and Moraes, M.R. and Mori, M.A. and Bacurau, R.F.P. and Wurtele, M. and Boschero, A.C. and Carneiro, E.M. and Bader, M. and Pesquero, J.B. and Araujo, R.C.
Abstract:The Kallikrein-Kinin System (KKS) has been implicated in several aspects of metabolism, including the regulation of glucose homeostasis and adiposity. Kinins and des-Arg-kinins are the major effectors of this system and promote their effects by binding to two different receptors, the kinin B2 and B1 receptors, respectively. To understand the influence of the KKS on the pathophysiology of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2DM), we generated an animal model deficient for both kinin receptor genes and leptin (obB1B2KO). Six-month-old obB1B2KO mice showed increased blood glucose levels. Isolated islets of the transgenic animals were more responsive to glucose stimulation releasing greater amounts of insulin, mainly in 3-month-old mice, which was corroborated by elevated serum C-peptide concentrations. Furthermore, they presented hepatomegaly, pronounced steatosis, and increased levels of circulating transaminases. This mouse also demonstrated exacerbated gluconeogenesis during the pyruvate challenge test. The hepatic abnormalities were accompanied by changes in the gene expression of factors linked to glucose and lipid metabolisms in the liver. Thus, we conclude that kinin receptors are important for modulation of insulin secretion and for the preservation of normal glucose levels and hepatic functions in obese mice, suggesting a protective role of the KKS regarding complications associated with obesity and T2DM.
Keywords:Blood Glucose, Body Composition, Bradykinin B1 Receptor, Glucose, Homeostasis, Hyperglycemia, Insulin Resistance, Kallikrein-Kinin System, Knockout Mice, Liver, Obese Mice, Phosphorylation, Animals, Mice
Source:PLoS ONE
ISSN:1932-6203
Publisher:Public Library of Science (U.S.A.)
Volume:7
Number:7
Page Range:e40573
Date:19 July 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040573
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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