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Sodium current deficit and arrhythmogenesis in a murine model of plakophilin-2 haploinsufficiency

Item Type:Article
Title:Sodium current deficit and arrhythmogenesis in a murine model of plakophilin-2 haploinsufficiency
Creators Name:Cerrone, M. and Noorman, M. and Lin, X. and Chkourko, H. and Liang, F.X. and van der Nagel, R. and Hund, T. and Birchmeier, W. and Mohler, P. and van Veen, T.A. and van Rijen, H.V. and Delmar, M.
Abstract:AIMS: shRNA-mediated loss of expression of the desmosomal protein plakophilin-2 leads to sodium current (I(Na)) dysfunction. Whether pkp2 gene haploinsufficiency leads to I(Na) deficit in vivo, remains undefined. Mutations in pkp2 are detected in Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy. Ventricular fibrillation and sudden death often occur in the "concealed phase" of the disease, prior to overt structural damage. The mechanisms responsible for these arrhythmias remain poorly understood. We sought to characterize the morphology, histology and ultrastructural features of PKP2-heterozygous-null (PKP2-Hz) murine hearts, and explore the relation between PKP2 abundance, I(Na) function and cardiac electrical synchrony.Methods and ResultsHearts of PKP2-Hz mice were characterized by multiple methods. We observed ultrastructural, but not histological or gross anatomical differences in PKP2-Hz hearts, compared to wild-type littermates. Yet, in myocytes, decreased amplitude and a shift in gating and kinetics of I(Na) were observed. To further unmask I(Na) deficiency, we exposed myocytes, Langendorff-perfused hearts and anesthetized animals to a pharmacological challenge (flecainide). In PKP2-Hz hearts, the extent of flecainide-induced I(Na) block, impaired ventricular conduction, and altered electrocardiographic parameters were larger than controls. Flecainide provoked ventricular arrhythmias and death in PKP2-Hz animals, but not in wild-type. CONCLUSIONS: PKP2 haploinsufficiency leads to I(Na) deficit in murine hearts. Our data support the notion of a cross-talk between desmosome, and sodium channel complex. They also suggest that I(Na) dysfunction may contribute to generation and/or maintenance of arrhythmias in PKP2-deficient hearts. Whether pharmacological challenges could help unveil arrhythmia risk in patients with mutations or variants in PKP2, remains undefined.
Keywords:Action Potentials, Animal Disease Models, Anti-Arrhythmia Agents, Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia, Cardiac Myocytes, Electrocardiography, Flecainide, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Haploinsufficiency, Ion Channel Gating, Kinetics, Perfusion, Phenotype, Plakophilins, Sodium, Sodium Channels, Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers, Animals, Mice
Source:Cardiovascular Research
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Page Range:460-468
Date:1 September 2012
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvs218
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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