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Chromosomal clustering of a human transcriptome reveals regulatory background

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Item Type:Article
Title:Chromosomal clustering of a human transcriptome reveals regulatory background
Creators Name:Vogel, J.H. and von Heydebreck, A. and Purmann, A. and Sperling, S.
Abstract:Background. There has been much evidence recently for a link between transcriptional regulation and chromosomal gene order, but the relationship between genomic organization, regulation and gene function in higher eukaryotes remains to be precisely defined. Results: Here, we present evidence for organization of a large proportion of a human transcriptome into gene clusters throughout the genome, which are partly regulated by the same transcription factors, share biological functions and are characterized by non-housekeeping genes. This analysis was based on the cardiac transcriptome identified by our genome-wide array analysis of 55 human heart samples. We found 37% of these genes to be arranged mainly in adjacent pairs or triplets. A significant number of pairs of adjacent genes are putatively regulated by common transcription factors (p = 0.02). Furthermore, these gene pairs share a significant number of GO functional classification terms. We show that the human cardiac transcriptome is organized into many small clusters across the whole genome, rather than being concentrated in a few larger clusters. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that genes expressed in concert are organized in a linear arrangement for coordinated regulation. Determining the relationship between gene arrangement, regulation and nuclear organization as well as gene function will have broad biological implications.
Keywords:Binding Sites, Biological Models, Chromosome Mapping, Gene Expression, Gene Order, Multigene Family, Myocardium, Transcription Factors
Source:BMC Bioinformatics
Publisher:BioMed Central
Page Range:230
Date:19 September 2005
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-6-230
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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