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Angiotensin II directly increases transforming growth factor beta1 and osteopontin and indirectly affects collagen mRNA expression in the human heart

Item Type:Article
Title:Angiotensin II directly increases transforming growth factor beta1 and osteopontin and indirectly affects collagen mRNA expression in the human heart
Creators Name:Kupfahl, C. and Pink, D. and Friedrich, K. and Zurbruegg, H.R. and Neuss, M. and Warnecke, C. and Fielitz, J. and Graf, K. and Fleck, E. and Regitz-Zagrosek, V.
Abstract:OBJECTIVES: Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces fibroblast proliferation and collagen synthesis in the myocardium, but its precise mechanisms of action in human hearts are still unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether Ang II directly affects the collagen mRNA content in the human myocardium and in isolated human cardiac fibroblasts or whether the growth factors TGFbeta-1 and osteopontin are involved in this process. METHODS AND RESULTS I: In a first set of experiments, the direct effect of Ang II on collagen I, TGFbeta-1 and osteopontin mRNA content in fresh samples of human atrial myocardium was determined by the use of a short stimulation period. After 4 h, Ang II-stimulated atrial samples gave a significantly higher expression of both TGFbeta-1 (183+/-21% of control, p<0.05) and osteopontin mRNA (275+/-58%, p<0.02) than the controls. In contrast, the expression of collagen I mRNA was unchanged (95+/-8%). Stimulation with TGFbeta-1 led to an increase in collagen I and III mRNA (127+/-10%, p<0.05; 140+/-15%, p<0.02). METHODS AND RESULTS II: In a second protocol, to assess the effects of longer stimulation periods, we determined the effects of Ang II and its potential mediator TGFbeta-1 on collagen I, III and fibronectin mRNA expression and on proliferation of cultured human cardiac fibroblasts. Ang II caused a dose-dependent stimulation of proliferation but did not affect collagen I, II or fibronectin mRNA content after 24 h. In contrast, TGFbeta-1 stimulation significantly increased collagen I and III mRNA expression (124+/-5% and 128+/-5%, p<0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In the human heart, Ang II does not directly increase collagen or fibronectin mRNA, but it does increase TGFbeta-1 and osteopontin mRNA expression. Since TGFbeta-1 induces collagen I and III mRNA in atrial samples and in isolated cardiac fibroblasts, it may represent a necessary mediator of the Ang II effects in the human heart.
Keywords:Angiotensin, Myocarditis, Fibrosis, Growth Factors, Connective Tissue
Source:Cardiovascular Research
Page Range:463-475
Date:June 2000
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6363(00)00037-7
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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