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Prediction of protein secondary structure from circular dichroism using theoretically derived spectra

Item Type:Article
Title:Prediction of protein secondary structure from circular dichroism using theoretically derived spectra
Creators Name:Louis-Jeune, C. and Andrade-Navarro, M.A. and Perez-Iratxeta, C.
Abstract:Circular dichroism (CD) is a spectroscopic technique commonly used to investigate the structure of proteins. Major secondary structure types, alpha-helices and beta-strands, produce distinctive CD spectra. Thus, by comparing the CD spectrum of a protein of interest to a reference set consisting of CD spectra of proteins of known structure, predictive methods can estimate the secondary structure of the protein. Currently available methods, including K2D2, use such experimental CD reference sets, which are very small in size when compared to the number of tertiary structures available in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). Conversely, given a PDB structure, it is possible to predict a theoretical CD spectrum from it. The methodological framework for this calculation was established long ago but only recently a convenient implementation called DichroCalc has been developed. In this study, we set to determine whether theoretically derived spectra could be used as reference set for accurate CD based predictions of secondary structure. We used DichroCalc to calculate the theoretical CD spectra of a nonredundant set of structures representing most proteins in the PDB, and applied a straightforward approach for predicting protein secondary structure content using these theoretical CD spectra as reference set. We show that this method improves the predictions, particularly for the wavelength interval between 200 and 240 nm and for beta-strand content. We have implemented this method, called K2D3, in a publicly accessible web server at http://www. ogic.ca/projects/k2d3.
Keywords:Algorithm, Web Tool, Spectroscopy
Source:Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics
ISSN:0887-3585
Publisher:Wiley (U.S.A.)
Volume:80
Number:2
Page Range:374-381
Date:February 2012
Additional Information:Erratum in: Proteins 80(12): 2818.
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/prot.23188
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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