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A conserved PHD finger protein and endogenous RNAi modulate insulin signaling in caenorhabditis elegans

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Item Type:Article
Title:A conserved PHD finger protein and endogenous RNAi modulate insulin signaling in caenorhabditis elegans
Creators Name:Mansisidor, A.R. and Cecere, G. and Hoersch, S. and Jensen, M.B. and Kawli, T. and Kennedy, L.M. and Chavez, V. and Tan, M.W. and Lieb, J.D. and Grishok, A.
Abstract:Insulin signaling has a profound effect on longevity and the oxidative stress resistance of animals. Inhibition of insulin signaling results in the activation of DAF-16/FOXO and SKN-1/Nrf transcription factors and increased animal fitness. By studying the biological functions of the endogenous RNA interference factor RDE-4 and conserved PHD zinc finger protein ZFP-1 (AF10), which regulate overlapping sets of genes in Caenorhabditis elegans, we identified an important role for these factors in the negative modulation of transcription of the insulin/PI3 signaling-dependent kinase PDK-1. Consistently, increased expression of pdk-1 in zfp-1 and rde-4 mutants contributed to their reduced lifespan and sensitivity to oxidative stress and pathogens due to the reduction in the expression of DAF-16 and SKN-1 targets. We found that the function of ZFP-1 in modulating pdk-1 transcription was important for the extended lifespan of the age-1(hx546) reduction-of-function PI3 kinase mutant, since the lifespan of the age-1; zfp-1 double mutant strain was significantly shorter compared to age-1(hx546). We further demonstrate that overexpression of ZFP-1 caused an increased resistance to oxidative stress in a DAF-16-dependent manner. Our findings suggest that epigenetic regulation of key upstream signaling components in signal transduction pathways through chromatin and RNAi may have a large impact on the outcome of signaling and expression of numerous downstream genes.
Keywords:Caenorhabditis elegans, Genetic Epigenesis, Gene Expression Regulation, Insulin, Longevity, Oxidative Stress, Paraquat, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, RNA-Binding Proteins, RNA Interference, Signal Transduction, Transcription Factors, Animals
Source:PLoS Genetics
ISSN:1553-7390
Publisher:Public Library of Science (U.S.A.)
Volume:7
Number:9
Page Range:e1002299
Date:September 2011
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1002299
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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