Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Structure of myxovirus resistance protein A reveals intra- and intermolecular domain interactions required for the antiviral function

Item Type:Article
Title:Structure of myxovirus resistance protein A reveals intra- and intermolecular domain interactions required for the antiviral function
Creators Name:Gao, S. and von der Malsburg, A. and Dick, A. and Faelber, K. and Schroeder, G.F. and Haller, O. and Kochs, G. and Daumke, O.
Abstract:Human myxovirus resistance protein 1 (MxA) is an interferon-induced dynamin-like GTPase that acts as a cell-autonomous host restriction factor against many viral pathogens including influenza viruses. To study the molecular principles of its antiviral activity, we determined the crystal structure of nucleotide-free MxA, which showed an extended three-domain architecture. The central bundle signaling element (BSE) connected the amino-terminal GTPase domain with the stalk via two hinge regions. MxA oligomerized in the crystal via the stalk and the BSE, which in turn interacted with the stalk of the neighboring monomer. We demonstrated that the intra- and intermolecular domain interplay between the BSE and stalk was essential for oligomerization and the antiviral function of MxA. Based on these results, we propose a structural model for the mechano-chemical coupling in ring-like MxA oligomers as the principle mechanism for this unique antiviral effector protein.
Keywords:Cell Line, X-Ray Crystallography, GTP-Binding Proteins, Molecular Models, Quaternary Protein Structure, Tertiary Protein Structure, Protein Structural Homology, Animals
Source:Immunity
ISSN:1074-7613
Publisher:Cell Press (U.S.A.)
Volume:35
Number:4
Page Range:514-525
Date:28 October 2011
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2011.07.012
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library