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Integrated genomic approaches to identification of candidate genes underlying metabolic and cardiovascular phenotypes in the spontaneously hypertensive rat

Item Type:Article
Title:Integrated genomic approaches to identification of candidate genes underlying metabolic and cardiovascular phenotypes in the spontaneously hypertensive rat
Creators Name:Morrissey, C. and Grieve, I.C. and Heinig, M. and Atanur, S. and Petretto, E. and Pravenec, M. and Hubner, N. and Aitman, T.J.
Abstract:The Spontaneously Hypertensive rat (SHR) is a widely used rodent model of hypertension and metabolic syndrome. Previously we identified thousands of cis-regulated expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) across multiple tissues using a panel of rat recombinant inbred (RI) strains derived from Brown Norway (BN) and SHR progenitors. These cis-eQTLs represent potential susceptibility loci underlying physiological and pathophysiological traits manifested in SHR. We have prioritised 60 cis-eQTLs, and confirmed differential expression between the parental strains by quantitative PCR (qPCR) in 43 (72%) of the eQTL transcripts. Quantitative trait transcript (QTT) analysis in the RI strains showed highly significant correlation between cis-eQTL transcript abundance and clinically relevant traits such as systolic blood pressure and blood glucose, with the physical location of a subset co-localising with "physiological" QTLs (pQTLs) for these same traits. These co-localising correlated cis-eQTLs (c3-eQTLs) are highly attractive as primary susceptibility loci for the co-localising pQTLs. Furthermore, sequence analysis of the c3-eQTL genes identified SNPs that are predicted to affect transcription factor binding affinity, splicing and protein function. These SNPs, which potentially alter transcript abundance and stability, represent strong candidate factors underlying not just eQTL expression phenotypes, but also the correlated metabolic and physiological traits. In conclusion, by integration of genomic sequence, eQTL and QTT datasets we have identified several genes that are strong positional candidates for pathophysiological traits observed in the SHR strain. These findings provide a basis for the functional testing and ultimate elucidation of the molecular basis of these metabolic and cardiovascular phenotypes.
Keywords:eQTL, Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat, Quantitative Trait Transcript, Sequence Variation, Animals, Rats
Source:Physiological Genomics
ISSN:1094-8341
Publisher:American Physiological Society (U.S.A.)
Volume:43
Number:21
Page Range:1207-1218
Date:7 November 2011
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1152/physiolgenomics.00210.2010
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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