Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Axonal accumulation of synaptic markers in APP transgenic Drosophila depends on the NPTY motif and is paralleled by defects in synaptic plasticity

Item Type:Article
Title:Axonal accumulation of synaptic markers in APP transgenic Drosophila depends on the NPTY motif and is paralleled by defects in synaptic plasticity
Creators Name:Rusu, P. and Jansen, A. and Soba, P. and Kirsch, J. and Loewer, A. and Merdes, G. and Kuan, Y.H. and Jung, A. and Beyreuther, K. and Kjaerulff, O. and Kins, S.
Abstract:Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by neurofibrillary tangles and extracellular plaques, which consist mainly of beta-amyloid derived from the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP). An additional feature of AD is axonopathy, which might contribute to impairment of cognitive functions. Specifically, axonal transport defects have been reported in AD animal models, including mice and flies that overexpress APP and tau. Here we demonstrate that the APP-induced traffic jam of vesicles in peripheral nerves of Drosophila melanogaster larvae depends on the four residues NPTY motif in the APP intracellular domain. Furthermore, heterologous expression of Fe65 and JIP1b, scaffolding proteins interacting with the NPTY motif, also perturb axonal transport. Together, these data indicate that JIP1b or Fe65 may be involved in the APP-induced axonal transport defect. Moreover, we have characterized neurotransmission at the neuromuscular junction in transgenic larvae that express human APP. Consistent with the observation that these larvae do not show any obvious movement deficits, we found no changes in basal synaptic transmission. However, short-term synaptic plasticity was affected by overexpression of APP. Together, our results show that overexpression of APP induces partial stalling of axonal transport vesicles, paralleled by abnormalities in synaptic plasticity, which may provide a functional link to the deterioration of cognitive functions observed in AD.
Keywords:Axonopathy, Axonopathies, Neurodegenerative Disease, Neuromuscular Junction, APPL, Animals, Drosophila Melanogaster, Larva, Mice
Source:European Journal of Neuroscience
ISSN:0953-816X
Publisher:Blackwell Publishing (U.K.)
Volume:25
Number:4
Page Range:1079-1086
Date:February 2007
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2007.05341.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library