Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Serum/glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) is a prominent target gene of the transcriptional response to cytokines in multiple myeloma and supports the growth of myeloma cells

Item Type:Article
Title:Serum/glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) is a prominent target gene of the transcriptional response to cytokines in multiple myeloma and supports the growth of myeloma cells
Creators Name:Fagerli, U.M. and Ullrich, K. and Stuehmer, T. and Holien, T. and Koechert, K. and Holt, R.U. and Bruland, O. and Chatterjee, M. and Nogai, H. and Lenz, G. and Shaughnessy, J.D. and Mathas, S. and Sundan, A. and Bargou, R.C. and Doerken, B. and Borset, M. and Janz, M.
Abstract:Multiple myeloma (MM) is a paradigm for a malignant disease that exploits external stimuli of the microenvironment for growth and survival. A thorough understanding of the complex interactions between malignant plasma cells and their surrounding requires a detailed analysis of the transcriptional response of myeloma cells to environmental signals. We determined the changes in gene expression induced by interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-21 or co-culture with bone marrow stromal cells in myeloma cell lines. Among a limited set of genes that were consistently activated in response to growth factors, a prominent transcriptional target of cytokine-induced signaling in myeloma cells was the gene encoding the serine/threonine kinase serum/glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1), which is a down-stream effector of PI3-kinase. We could demonstrate a rapid, strong and sustained induction of SGK1 in the cell lines INA-6, ANBL-6, IH-1, OH-2 and MM.1S as well as in primary myeloma cells. Pharmacologic inhibition of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway abolished STAT3 phosphorylation and SGK1 induction. In addition, small hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knock-down of STAT3 reduced basal and induced SGK1 levels. Furthermore, downregulation of SGK1 by shRNAs resulted in decreased proliferation of myeloma cell lines and reduced cell numbers. On the molecular level, this was reflected by the induction of cell cycle inhibitory genes, for example, CDKNA1/p21, whereas positively acting factors such as CDK6 and RBL2/p130 were downregulated. Our results indicate that SGK1 is a highly cytokine-responsive gene in myeloma cells promoting their malignant growth.
Keywords:Multiple Myeloma, Cytokines, SGK1, STAT3
Source:Oncogene
ISSN:0950-9232
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.K.)
Volume:30
Number:28
Page Range:3198-3206
Date:14 July 2011
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/onc.2011.79
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library