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Peripheral calcium-permeable AMPA receptors regulate chronic inflammatory pain in mice

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Item Type:Article
Title:Peripheral calcium-permeable AMPA receptors regulate chronic inflammatory pain in mice
Creators Name:Gangadharan, V. and Wang, R. and Ulzhoefer, B. and Luo, C. and Bardoni, R. and Bali, K.K. and Agarwal, N. and Tegeder, I. and Hildebrandt, U. and Nagy, G.G. and Todd, A.J. and Ghirri, A. and Haeussler, A. and Sprengel, R. and Seeburg, P.H. and Macdermott, A.B. and Lewin, G.R. and Kuner, R.
Abstract:alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid-type (AMPA-type) glutamate receptors (AMPARs) play an important role in plasticity at central synapses. Although there is anatomical evidence for AMPAR expression in the peripheral nervous system, the functional role of such receptors in vivo is not clear. To address this issue, we generated mice specifically lacking either of the key AMPAR subunits, GluA1 or GluA2, in peripheral, pain-sensing neurons (nociceptors), while preserving expression of these subunits in the central nervous system. Nociceptor-specific deletion of GluA1 led to disruption of calcium permeability and reduced capsaicin-evoked activation of nociceptors. Deletion of GluA1, but not GluA2, led to reduced mechanical hypersensitivity and sensitization in models of chronic inflammatory pain and arthritis. Further analysis revealed that GluA1-containing AMPARs regulated the responses of nociceptors to painful stimuli in inflamed tissues and controlled the excitatory drive from the periphery into the spinal cord. Consequently, peripherally applied AMPAR antagonists alleviated inflammatory pain by specifically blocking calcium-permeable AMPARs, without affecting physiological pain or eliciting central side effects. These findings indicate an important pathophysiological role for calcium-permeable AMPARs in nociceptors and may have therapeutic implications for the treatment chronic inflammatory pain states.
Keywords:Afferent Pathways, AMPA Receptors, Benzodiazepines, Calcium, Experimental Arthritis, Inflammation, Nociceptors, Pain, Permeability, Spinal Ganglia, Synaptic Transmission, Animals, Mice
Source:Journal of Clinical Investigation
Publisher:American Society for Clinical Investigation
Page Range:1608-1623
Date:1 April 2011
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1172/JCI44911
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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