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Glycosylated hemoglobin and risk of colorectal cancer in men and women, the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition

Item Type:Article
Title:Glycosylated hemoglobin and risk of colorectal cancer in men and women, the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
Creators Name:Rinaldi, S. and Rohrmann, S. and Jenab, M. and Biessy, C. and Sieri, S. and Palli, D. and Tumino, R. and Mattiello, A. and Vineis, P. and Nieters, A. and Linseisen, J. and Pischon, T. and Boeing, H. and Hallmans, G. and Palmqvist, R. and Manjer, J. and Wirfaelt, E. and Crowe, F.L. and Khaw, K.T. and Bingham, S. and Tjonneland, A. and Olsen, A. and Overvad, K. and Lund, E. and Skeie, G. and Clavel-Chapelon, F. and Boutron-Ruault, M.C. and de Lauzon-Guillain, B. and Ardanaz, E. and Jakszyn, P. and Ramon Quiros, J. and Chirlaque, M.D. and Sanchez, M.J. and Dorronsoro, M. and Trichopoulou, A. and Lagiou, P. and Trichopoulos, D. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B. and van Duijnhoven, F.J. and Peeters, P.H. and Slimani, N. and Ferrari, P. and Byrnes, G.B. and Riboli, E. and Kaaks, R.
Abstract:Although large-scale prospective cohort studies have related hyperglycemia to increased risk of cancer overall, studies specifically on colorectal cancer have been generally small. We investigated the association between prediagnostic levels of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), a marker for average glucose level in blood, and colorectal cancer risk in a case-control study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. One thousand and twenty-six incident colorectal cancer cases (561 men and 465 women) and 1,026 matched controls were eligible for the study. Multivariate conditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORS) adjusted for possible confounders. Increasing HbA1c percentages were statistically significantly associated with a mild increase in colorectal cancer risk in the whole population [OR, 1.10; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01,1.19 for a 10% increase in HbA1c]. In women, increasing HbA1c percentages were associated with a statistically significant increase in colorectal cancer risk (OR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.01, 1.32 for a 10% increase in HbA1c) and with a borderline statistically significant increase in rectum cancer (OR, 1.22; 95% CI, 0.99,1.50 for a 10% increase in HbA1c). No significant association with cancer risk was observed in men. The results of the current study suggest a mild implication of hyperglycemia in colorectal cancer, which seems more important in women than in men, and more for cancer of the rectum than of the colon.
Keywords:Colorectal Cancer, Glycosylated Hemoglobin, EPIC
Source:Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention
Publisher:American Association for Cancer Research
Page Range:3108-3115
Date:November 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0495
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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