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Therapeutic potential of CAMPATH-1H in skeletal tumours

Item Type:Article
Title:Therapeutic potential of CAMPATH-1H in skeletal tumours
Creators Name:Fritsche-Guenther, R. and Gruetzkau, A. and Noske, A. and Melcher, I. and Schaser, K.D. and Schlag, P.M. and Kasper, H.U. and Krenn, V. and Sers, C.
Abstract:Aims:  CD 52 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored glycoprotein that is expressed abundantly on all lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages, eosinophils and in the male genital tract. To date, the physiological role of CD52 on lymphocytes has not been elucidated. However, an antibody directed to CD52 called CAMPATH-1H has been shown to be capable of depleting lymphocytes. The aim of this study was to analyse tissue and cell lines of non-neoplastic bone, cartilage and skeletal tumours for CD52 expression. Methods and results:  The expression of CD52 mRNA and protein both in vivo and in vitro was detected. Malignant tumours showed higher CD52 expression compared to benign tumours, suggesting a role in the development and progression of bone tumours. Interestingly, immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry revealed that CD52 was expressed not only on the surface of tumour cells, but also in the cytoplasm. The results obtained in osteosarcoma cells showed that CAMPATH-1H leads to a complement-independent reduction of viable cells. Conclusion:  CD52 is expressed in a variety of bone tumours and the in vitro studies presented herein suggest that CAMPATH-1H treatment might have therapeutic potential for osteosarcoma patients.
Keywords:CD52, Complement-dependent Cytotoxicity, Osteosarcoma, Skeletal Tumours
Page Range:851-861
Date:December 2010
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2559.2010.03722.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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