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The effect of immune factors, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and agonistic autoantibodies to the angiotensin II type I receptor on soluble fms-like tyrosine-1 and soluble endoglin production in response to hypertension during pregnancy

Item Type:Article
Title:The effect of immune factors, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and agonistic autoantibodies to the angiotensin II type I receptor on soluble fms-like tyrosine-1 and soluble endoglin production in response to hypertension during pregnancy
Creators Name:Parrish, M.R. and Murphy, S.R. and Rutland, S. and Wallace, K. and Wenzel, K. and Wallukat, G. and Keiser, S. and Ray, L.F. and Dechend, R. and Martin, J.N. and Granger, J.P. and Lamarca, B.
Abstract:Background: Preeclampsia is considered a disease of immunological origin associated with abnormalities in inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and activated lymphocytes secreting autoantibodies to the angiotensin II receptor (AT1-AA). Recent studies have also demonstrated that an imbalance of angiogenic factors, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1), and sEndoglin, exists in preeclampsia; however, the mechanisms that initiate their overproduction are unclear. Methods: To determine the role of immune regulation of these factors, circulating and placental sFlt-1 and/or sEndoglin was examined from pregnant rats chronically treated with TNF-alpha or AT1-AA. On day 19 of gestation blood pressure was analyzed and serum and tissues were collected. Placental villous explants were excised and cultured on matrigel coated inserts for 24 h and sFlt-1 and sEndoglin was measured from media. Results: In response to TNF-alpha-induced hypertension, sFlt-1 increased from 180 +/- 5 to 2,907 +/- 412 pg/ml. sFlt-1 was also increased from cultured placental explants of TNF-alpha induced hypertensive pregnant rats (n = 12) (2,544 +/- 1,132 pg/ml) vs. explants from normal pregnant (NP) rats (n = 12) (2,189 +/- 586 pg/ml) where as sEng was undetectable. Circulating sFlt-1 increased from 245 +/- 38 to 3,920 +/- 798 pg/ml in response to AT1-AA induced hypertension. sFlt-1 levels were higher (3,400 +/- 350 vs. 2,480 +/- 900 pg/ml) in placental explants from AT1-AA infused rats (n = 12) than NP rats (n = 7). In addition, sEndoglin increased from 30 +/- 2.7 to 44 +/- 3.3 pg/ml (P < 0.047) in AT1-AA infused rats but was undetectable in the media of the placental explants. Conclusions: These data suggest that immune factors may serve as an important stimulus for both sFlt-1 and sEndoglin production in response to placental ischemia.
Keywords:Antiangiogenic Factors, Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Immune Activation, Pregnancy, Animals, Rats
Source:American Journal of Hypertension
ISSN:0895-7061
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.S.A.)
Volume:23
Number:8
Page Range:911-916
Date:August 2010
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/ajh.2010.70
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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