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Absence of circulating aldosterone attenuates foreign body reaction around surgical sutures

Item Type:Article
Title:Absence of circulating aldosterone attenuates foreign body reaction around surgical sutures
Creators Name:Klinge, U. and Theuer, S. and Krott, E. and Fiebeler, A.
Abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adrenal hormones influence inflammatory and fibrotic activity and thereby are involved in wound-healing process. Any excess as well as any shortage of glucocorticoids leads to a delayed wound healing. Mineralocorticoids like aldosterone have a pro-fibrotic and pro-inflammatory impact; thus, reduction of circulating aldosterone should result in an attenuated inflammatory response to implanted foreign bodies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen rats were bilaterally adrenalectomized and substituted with dexamethasone (12 microg/kg per day) and 1% salt in their drinking water; 22 rats were sham-operated. The surgical suture material was removed after 3 weeks and analyzed for size of granuloma, ratio of collagen type I/III, apoptotic cells (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labeling), expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, cyclooxygenase 2, tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNF-R2), cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68), Ki67, and cold shock protein Y box binding protein 1 (YB-1). Cell expression was scored according to Remmele. RESULTS: All animals developed foreign body granulomas around the sutures. Absence of circulating aldosterone after adrenalectomy (ADX) was associated with smaller granuloma size and a reduced ratio of collagen type I/III. Ki67 and MMP-2 showed the strongest expression in cells of the infiltrate around suture. In adrenalectomized rats, we observed significantly less CD68-positive macrophages and less Ki67-positive cells but no significant differences in the expression of YB-1, TNF-R2, or MMP-2. Looking for correlations and co-expressions of proteins, the number of significant Spearman correlations was reduced in the ADX group compared to controls (one and four, respectively). CONCLUSION: The absence of circulating aldosterone attenuates inflammatory intensity around suture material. Foreign body granuloma seems to be an appropriate model to study chronic inflammatory process.
Keywords:Aldosterone, Foreign Body Reaction, Wound Healing, Animals, Rats
Source:Langenbecks Archives of Surgery
Page Range:429-435
Date:April 2010
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00423-009-0473-0
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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