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Evidence for coupled transport of bicarbonate and sodium in cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells

Item Type:Article
Title:Evidence for coupled transport of bicarbonate and sodium in cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells
Creators Name:Jentsch, T.J. and Keller, S.K. and Koch, M. and Wiederholt, M.
Abstract:Using intracellular microelectrode technique, the response of the voltage V across the plasma membrane of cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells to changes in sodium and bicarbonate concentrations was investigated. (1) The electrical response to changes in [HCO3-]o (depolarization upon lowering and hyperpolarization upon raising [HCO3-]o) was dependent on sodium. Lithium could fairly well be substituted for sodium, whereas potassium or choline were much less effective. (2) Removal of external sodium caused a depolarization, while a readdition led to a hyperpolarization, which increased with time of preincubation in the sodium-depleted medium. (3) The response to changes in [Na+]o was dependent on bicarbonate. In a nominally bicarbonate-free medium, its amplitude was decreased or even reversed in sign. (4) Application of SITS or DIDS (10(-3) M) had a similar effect on the response to sodium as bicarbonate-depleted medium. (5) At [Na+]o = 151 mM and [HCO3-]o = 46 mM, the transients of V depended, with 39.0 +/- 9.0 (SD) mV/decade, on bicarbonate and, with 15.3 +/- 5.8 (SD) mV/decade, on sodium. (6) After the preincubation of cells with lithium, replacement of Li by choline led to similar effects as the replacement of sodium by choline, though the response of V was smaller with Li. This response could be reduced or reversed by the removal of bicarbonate or by the application of SITS. (7) Amiloride (10(-3) M) caused a reversible hyperpolarization of the steady-state potential by 8.5 +/- 2.6 mV (SD). It did not affect the immediate response to changes in [Na+]o or [HCO3-]o, but reduced the speed of regaining the steady-state potential after a change in [HCO3-]o. (8) Ouabain (10(-4) M) caused a fast depolarization of -6.8 +/- 1.1 (SD) mV, which was followed by a continuing slower depolarization. The effect was almost identical at 10(-5) M. (9) It is suggested, that corneal endothelial cells possess a cotransport for sodium and bicarbonate, which transports net negative charge with these ions. It is inhibitable by stilbenes, but not directly affected by amiloride or ouabain. Lithium is a good substitute for sodium with respect to bicarbonate transport and is transported itself. In addition, the effect of amiloride provides indirect evidence for the existence of a Na+/H+-antiport. A model for the transepithelial transport of bicarbonate across the corneal endothelium is proposed.
Keywords:Corneal Endothelium, Cell Culture, Intracellular Potential, pH Regulation, Bicarbonate, Bicarbonate-Sodium Cotransport, Lithium, Stilbenes, Amiloride, Ouabain, Animals, Cattle
Source:Journal of Membrane Biology
Page Range:189-204
Date:October 1984
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01868713
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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