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Inhibiting the inhibitors: retro-inverso Smac peptides

Item Type:Article
Title:Inhibiting the inhibitors: retro-inverso Smac peptides
Creators Name:Hossbach, J. and Michalsky, E. and Henklein, P. and Jaeger, M. and Daniel, P.T. and Preissner, R.
Abstract:Resistance against apoptosis-inducing anti-cancer drugs remains a severe problem in therapy. One reason is the overexpression of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs), a group of proteins responsible for the prevention of apoptosis induction by inactivation of initiator caspases. The natural inhibitor of the IAPs is the protein Smac, which impedes the binding to the caspases. Although Smac is a potent inhibitor, Smac peptides are not very stable in vivo and thus not applicable in therapy. Bioinformatical methods were applied to design Smac-derived peptides to break the therapy resistance in IAP high-expressing tumor cells. The exchange of amino acids in the Smac peptides AVPI and AVPF against unnatural amino acids leads to an improvement of the apoptosis sensitivity. The variety of Smac peptides was filtered by computational docking. Moreover, Smac-derived peptides with sufficient binding to the IAPs were tested in IAP-expressing Hodgkin Lymphoma cell lines.
Keywords:Apoptosis, Smac, Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins, Computational Docking
Source:Peptides
ISSN:0196-9781
Publisher:Elsevier (U.S.A.)
Volume:30
Number:12
Page Range:2374-2379
Date:December 2009
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2009.08.001
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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