Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

A single amino acid substitution in the v-Eyk intracellular domain results in activation of Stat3 and enhances cellular transformation

Item Type:Article
Title:A single amino acid substitution in the v-Eyk intracellular domain results in activation of Stat3 and enhances cellular transformation
Creators Name:Besser, D. and Bromberg, J.F. and Darnell, J.E. and Hanafusa, H.
Abstract:The receptor tyrosine kinase Eyk, a member of the Axl/Tyro3 subfamily, activates the STAT pathway and transforms cells when constitutively activated. Here, we compared the potentials of the intracellular domains of Eyk molecules derived from c-Eyk and v-Eyk to transform rat 3Y1 fibroblasts. The v-Eyk molecule induced higher numbers of transformants in soft agar and stronger activation of Stat3; levels of Stat1 activation by the two Eyk molecules were similar. A mutation in the sequence Y933VPL, present in c-Eyk, to the v-Eyk sequence Y933VPQ led to increased activation of Stat3 and increased transformation efficiency. However, altering another sequence, Y862VNT, present in both Eyk molecules to F862VNT markedly decreased transformation without impairing Stat3 activation. These results indicate that activation of Stat3 enhances transformation efficiency and cooperates with another pathway to induce transformation.
Keywords:Amino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Substitution, Base Sequence, Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases, Cell Line, Neoplastic Cell Transformation, DNA, DNA-Binding Proteins, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Biological Models, Oligonucleotide Probes, Genetic Promoter Regions, Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, Cell Surface Receptors, STAT1 Transcription Factor, STAT3 Transcription Factor, Signal Transduction, Trans-Activators, Transcriptional Activation, Animals, Rats
Source:Molecular and Cellular Biology
ISSN:0270-7306
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology (U.S.A.)
Volume:19
Number:2
Page Range:1401-1409
Date:February 1999
Official Publication:http://mcb.asm.org/cgi/content/abstract/19/2/1401
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library