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The SRF target gene Fhl2 antagonizes RhoA/MAL-dependent activation of SRF

Item Type:Article
Title:The SRF target gene Fhl2 antagonizes RhoA/MAL-dependent activation of SRF
Creators Name:Philippar, U. and Schratt, G. and Dieterich, C. and Mueller, J.M. and Galgoczy, P. and Engel, F.B. and Keating, M.T. and Gertler, F. and Schuele, R. and Vingron, M. and Nordheim, A.
Abstract:RhoA signaling regulates the activity of the transcription factor SRF (serum response factor) during muscle differentiation. How RhoA signaling is integrated at SRF target promoters to achieve muscle-lineage-specific expression is largely unknown. Using large-scale expression profiling combined with bioinformatic and biochemical approaches, we identified several SRF target genes, including Fhl2, encoding a transcriptional cofactor that is highly expressed in the heart. SRF binds the Fhl2 promoter in vivo and regulates Fhl2 expression in response to RhoA activation. FHL2 protein and SRF interact physically, and FHL2 binds the promoters of SRF-responsive smooth muscle (SM) genes, but not the promoters of immediate-early genes (IEGs), in response to RhoA. FHL2 antagonizes induction of SM genes, but not IEGs or cardiac genes, by competing with the coactivator MAL/MRTF-A for SRF binding. Our findings identify an autoregulatory mechanism to selectively regulate subsets of RhoA-activated SRF target genes.
Keywords:Chromatin, Gene Expression Profiling, Herpes Simplex Virus Protein Vmw65, Homeodomain Proteins, Membrane Transport Proteins, Muscle Proteins, Myelin Proteins, NIH 3T3 Cells, Precipitin Tests, Proteolipids, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Serum Response Factor, Stem Cells, Transcription Factors, rhoA GTP-Binding Protein, Animals, Mice
Source:Molecular Cell
Publisher:Cell Press
Page Range:867-880
Date:22 December 2004
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2004.11.039
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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