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Structural determinants for selective recognition of peptide ligands for endothelin receptor subtypes ETA and ETB

Item Type:Article
Title:Structural determinants for selective recognition of peptide ligands for endothelin receptor subtypes ETA and ETB
Creators Name:Laettig, J. and Oksche, A. and Beyermann, M. and Rosenthal, W. and Krause, G.
Abstract:The molecular basis for recognition of peptide ligands endothelin-1, -2 and -3 in endothelin receptors is poorly understood. Especially the origin of ligand selectivity for ET(A) or ET(B) is not clearly resolved. We derived sequence-structure-function relationships of peptides and receptors from mutational data and homology modeling. Our major findings are the dissection of peptide ligands into four epitopes and the delineation of four complementary structural portions on receptor side explaining ligand recognition in both endothelin receptor subtypes. In addition, structural determinants for ligand selectivity could be described. As a result, we could improve the selectivity of BQ3020 about 10-fold by a single amino acid substitution, validating our hypothesis for ligand selectivity caused by different entrances to the receptors' transmembrane binding sites. A narrow tunnel shape in ET(A) is restrictive for a selected group of peptide ligands' N-termini, whereas a broad funnel-shaped entrance in ET(B) accepts a variety of different shapes and properties of ligands.
Keywords:Endothelin, Receptor, GPCR, ETA, ETB, BQ3020, Ligand, Animals, Cattle
Source:Journal of Peptide Science
ISSN:1075-2617
Publisher:Wiley (U.K.)
Volume:15
Number:7
Page Range:479-491
Date:July 2009
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1002/psc.1146
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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